A multidisciplinary team of researchers from UPM has developed a methodology to document and geovisualize the Property of Cultural Interest in a region of Soria
Thanks to the combination of both terrestrial and aerial new techniques and instruments, UPM researchers have developed and verified a new methodology to document and geovisualize the so-called Property of Cultural Interest (Bien de Interés Cultural, BIC). Besides, this methodology helps preserve these heritages, all this information gave as a result a complete Geographic Information System (GIS), a key tool for protection plans and risk assessment of BIC.
The underground wine cellars “El Plantío” in Atauta (Soria, Spain) have been declared as a Property of Cultural Interest in the category of ‘ethnological site’, according to the region law on Cultural Heritage of Castilla León. These underground wine cellars are by the village of Atauta, located at 970 m of height and are close to the Arroyo de la Laguna, giving as a result two areas characterized by a perfect interrelation between natural heritage and architectural heritage.
The landscape and visual relationships make this area a relevant example of cultural heritage associated with wine productive systems, understood as a spot transformed by humans. This place is representative of a past and a life form that should be preserved and transmitted to future generations.
This spot was chosen by a UPM team of researchers to update the current methodology of documents of Bienes de Interés Cultural by using new techniques and instruments. Based on a graphic and scalar model of the landscape documentation prepared by the female architect Esther Prada Llorente, researchers were able to study the evolution of some structures and superficial covers of the wine cellars of Atauta. They also studied the main indexes of vegetation for the vineyard, both in the old and new strains and during critic vegetation periods.
The scope of action to gather all the information needed for this study was both terrestrial and aerial. In order to georeferencing the main points, global satellite navigation positioning (GNSS) techniques were used to support mass mobile mapping (MMS), terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) techniques and terrestrial photogrammetric techniques.
They simultaneously used sensors and cameras aboard drones (UAVs) as well as traditional remote sensing techniques applied to the zonal landscape study. Besides, the GNSS system was useful to accurately locate the collection of ground and underground data obtained with Volumetric Water Content (VWC) for cropped areas and Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) for the area occupied by the wine cellars.
The resulting information allowed researchers to develop a 3D digital model which is able to generate an underground image of the wineries and other superficial image of the studied area.
The obtained data and information were added to a geosite specifically designed for these types of projects, an update version of the known Building Information Modelling (BIM) to Building Information Geospatial Modelling (BIGM), that include intelligent databases able to exploit and assess the spatial information through tools and web algorithms taking into account the three studied landscape scales: territorial, urban and architectural.
According to the researchers, “the following step will be to integrate the whole set of data to achieve an optimal geovisualization that covers the buildings of the urban area, all wineries of Plantío, the stream of Laguna and the lands and cropping associated, and the lands that reach the natural limit of Duero river”.
About the team of the research:
The team of researchers who carried out this project belongs to Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM) through the group of Geovisualization, unique spaces and heritage (GESyP) from School of Agricultural, Food and Biosystems Engineering (ETSIAAB) and School of Land Surveying, Geodesy and Mapping Engineering (ETSITGC), along with researches from Numerical simulation in science and engineering research group (GSNCI) from School of Telecommunications Engineering (ETSIT) and researchers from Cultural landscape group (GIPC) at School of Architecture (ETSAM).
Links of interest
-Characterization of Cavities Using the GPR, LIDAR and GNSS Techniques (Pure and Applied Geophysics -PAGEOPH-) November 2015, Volume 1, Issue 11, pp 3123-3137. First online: 25 November 2014.
-Assessment of underground wine cellars using geographic information technologies. DOI: 10.1179/1752270614Y.0000000104. Survey Review. Volume 47, Issue 342, 2015.
-Paisaje e imagen: formas y herencias en la construcción cultural del territorio agrario. "Estudios Geográficos", v. 74 (n. 275); pp. 557-583. ISSN 0014-1496. (2013).
-Dibujando el paisaje que se va. Un modelo espacial del patrimonio agrario. Prada Llorente, Esther Isabel; Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente, 2014. "Buenas prácticas para la observación del paisaje agrario como espacio patrimonial. La construcción del lugar". Plataforma del Conocimiento, Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente.