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Effects of different training protocols on aerobic capacity after 6 months of intervention in overweight people
Research Areas
  • Physical education and sport
Introduction Maximal aerobic capacity (VO2max) is a stronger cardiovascular diseases indicator, mortality predictor and is related with other health factors (1). The aim of this study was to determine which training protocol is the most effective to improve the VO2max in overweight people. Methods Ninety overweight people, men and women (18 ? 50 years; BMI > 25 and < 30 kg/m2), participated in the study. Each subject performed two incremental tests, before and after intervention, until exhaustion to determinate VO2max on a treadmill, using a modified Bruce protocol (2). Subjects were randomized to one of the following training groups: strength training (ST; n = 22),aerobic training (AT; n = 25), a combination of AT and ST (COM; n = 23) (Training frequency: 3 times per week / Intervention: 24 weeks) and control group (CG; n = 20). All of them in combination with the same diet restriction. Two way ANOVA with repeated measures was used to determine differences between pre and post intervention in each training group. The significant level was set at ?0.05. Results Significant improvements in VO2max (mL/min) were obtained in all groups although the highest increases were in ST (Pre. 3180.6 ± 704.1 vs. Post. 3788 ± 509.5) and COM (Pre. 3277.2 ± 589.1 vs. Post. 3859.4 ± 430.2) in men. In women, we have obtained significant improvements in VO2max (mL/min) in all groups, except in ST. Aerobic training group obtained the highest increase in women (Pre. 2021.5 ± 263.3 vs. Post. 2367.1 ± 374.4). When we compare the results of VO2max related to body mass (mL/min/kg) significant improvements in all groups were obtained. Discussion In young women, Poehlman et al. (2002) obtained similar results to us because the strength group did not improve. Sillanpaa et al. (2009) obtained similar results with older women, all groups improved VO2max, except the ST group. Stensvold et al. (2010) obtained the highest improvements in aerobic and combined training groups, in contrast to our results, since we obtained improvements in ST in men too. We can conclude that aerobic training improves VO2max in women while in men the improvements are greater in strength training groups (ST and COM). References 1. Stensvold D, et al. J Appl Physiol (2010); 108: 804-10. 2. Hunter G, et al. Obesity (2008); 16: 1045-51. 3. Poehlman E, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab (2002); 87: 1004-9. 4. Sillanpää E, et al. Eur J Appl Physiol (2009); 106: 285-96.
16th Annual Congress of the European College os Sport Science
Start Date
End Date
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Book of abstracts
  • Autor: Ana Belen Peinado Lozano (UPM)
  • Autor: Fco. Javier Calderon Montero (UPM)
  • Autor: Pedro Jose Benito Peinado (UPM)
  • Autor: Esther Morencos Martínez (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Ejercicio Físico, Salud y sus Fundamentos Fisiológicos (EFISAF)
  • Departamento: Salud y Rendimiento Humano
S2i 2021 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)