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Memorias de investigación
Artículos en revistas:
A Variogram Model Comparison for Predicting Forest Changes
Año:2011
Áreas de investigación
  • Matemáticas,
  • Fisica y ciencias del espacio,
  • Ecología
Datos
Descripción
The study focuses on the problem of choosing a mathematical function to fit the experimental semivariograms of high-spatial-resolution images of forest stands and the relationships between the semivariogram parameters and forest-stand features of a cluster of pine trees (Pinus pinaster Ait.) in a Mediterranean region (Madrid, Central Spain). The work compares the characteristics of spherical and exponential functions. In particular, the following issues were studied: (i) which model best fits the experimental semivariogram; (ii) how semivariogram models perform according to image spatial resolution; and (iii) the relationships between different models fitted to a particular experimental semivariogram. All of the analyses were carried out using five series of real images, including 2 aerial photographs from 1990, 2 orthophotographs from 2000 and an IKONOS image from 2003. The analysis considered up to 4 semivariogram features, namely range, sill, gradient and slope. The obtained results show that there is no optimum unique model and that the best mathematical function for fitting depends on the pixel size and on the forest variable that to be predicted. In particular, spherical models performed better for large pixels and exponential models performed better for small ones. According to the results, equalisation and normalisation image procedures improved forest prediction in comparison over analyses of raw images. As a general rule, exponential models obtained better forest-diameter predictions than did spherical models, while spherical models obtained better forest-stand height estimations. As a consequence, predicting forest changes using semivariogram models would require the use of normalised images and two different fitting functions for two different pixel sizes.
Internacional
Si
JCR del ISI
No
Título de la revista
Procedia Environmental Sciences
ISSN
1878-0296
Factor de impacto JCR
0
Información de impacto
SCOPUS, ScienceDirect
Volumen
7
DOI
doi:10.1016/j.proenv.2011.07.066
Número de revista
Desde la página
383
Hasta la página
388
Mes
OCTUBRE
Ranking
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
Participantes
  • Autor: Joaquin Solana Gutierrez (UPM)
  • Autor: Silvia Merino De Miguel (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Hidrobiología
  • Departamento: Construcción y Vías Rurales
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