Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Research Project:
Pest genomics and plant breeding in a sustainable agricultural pest management (AGL2)
Year:2011
Research Areas
  • Molecular, cellular and genetic biology
Information
Abstract
Genomic resources for pest species, which are necessary for the development of new pest control strategies through plant breeding and/or biotechnology, are lagging behind. Our current gap in knowledge about pest genetics, genomics and plant-pest interactions is a major obstacle for the development of alternative pest control strategies. We propose to develop new pest control methods by taking advantage of a novel pest genomic resource created by team led by Dr. M Grbic: the whole-genome sequence of a major agricultural pest, the two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae). T. urticae is one of the major pests in agriculture. It feeds on over 1000 plant species and has rapid development (generation time 7 days in a hot season). It represents a key pest for greenhouse crops, annual field crops and many horticultural crops. In addition, the spider mite is pest in hot and dry climates and recent computer modeling predicts that its significance will increase as a consequence of global warming. Our goal is to develop novel, environmentally sound pest control strategies that will replace chemical pesticides and reduce environmental pollution and energy consumption in agriculture while at the same time increase the competitiveness in a knowledge-based economy. A joint multidisciplinary will allow us to: 1: Annotate the genome of the T. urticae and develop a spider mite whole genome expression microarray 2: Analyze natural variation of plant resistance to spider mites using high-throughput genomic technologies 3: Perform pest transcriptome profiling to characterize the consequences of feeding on resistant and susceptible plants 4: Create pest-resistant transgenic plants targeting various pest genes 5: Test the efficiency of the transgenic plants on pests and non-target organisms
International
Si
Project type
Proyectos y convenios en convocatorias públicas competitivas
Company
Ontario Ministry of Research and Innovation
Entity Nationality
CANADA
Entity size
Pequeña Empresa (11-50)
Granting date
11/01/2010
Participants
  • Director: M. Isabel Diaz Rodriguez (UPM)
  • Participante: Manuel Martinez Muñoz (UPM)
  • Participante: Ines Cambra Marin (UPM)
  • Codirector: Miodrag Grbic (Western Ontario University)
  • Codirector: Felix Ortego (CIB-CSIC-Madrid)
  • Participante: Maria Navajas (INRA-Francia)
  • Codirector: Yves van der Peer (UGhent University -Belgica)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas, CBGP
  • Departamento: Biotecnología
S2i 2020 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)