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Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
Modelling cyclic recession of cohesive clay coasts: effects of wave erosion and bluff stability
Year:2012
Research Areas
  • Oceanography,
  • Geomorphology
Information
Abstract
A mathematical model combining the effects of wave erosion, beach sediment, and bluff slope stability has been developed to study the episodic, cyclical recession of cohesive clay coasts. The model was applied to the southern Great Lakes in North America which, although non-tidal, experience seasonal fluctuations in lake level of about 0.5 m and long-term fluctuations of up to 2 m. Model runs were designed to explore the interaction between various components of the system, including profile shape, bluff recession rates, lake level variations, beach morphodynamics, the geomechanical characteristics of the material, and the type (slump, topple) and size of the slope failures. Model runs were made for the equivalent of 100 years. Quasi-equilibrium conditions developed in the runs, which had similar erosion rates to the field, with parallel slope retreat in the upper portion of the profiles and slope decline in the lower portion. Temporal variations in the rate of recession of the crest of the bluff closely matched changes in lake level. The model confirmed previous work that suggested that rates of bluff recession are strongly controlled by the rate of erosion below the water surface, but it also provided support for a more recent proposal that rates of bluff recession also influence rates of erosion in shallow water. It was found that positive and negative changes in the size of the beach can either promote or hinder bluff and profile erosion depending on local circumstances. The model demonstrated that bluff height, debris mobility, wave undercutting, and groundwater levels are key factors in determining the stability of coastal bluffs. The model represents a promising new tool to forecast and thereby mitigate the effects of climate change on marine and lacustrine coasts.
International
Si
JCR
Si
Title
Marine Geology
ISBN
0025-3227
Impact factor JCR
2,517
Impact info
Datos JCR del año 2010
Volume
Journal number
From page
1
To page
15
Month
SIN MES
Ranking
Participants
  • Autor: Ricardo Castedo Ruiz (UPM)
  • Autor: Marta Fernandez Hernandez (UPM)
  • Autor: Alan Trenhaile (University of Windsor)
  • Autor: Carlos Paredes Bartolome (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Ingeniería de Georrecursos y Modelización
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