Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
Impact of nitrogen uptake on field water balance in fertirrigated melon.
Year:2012
Research Areas
  • Mathematics,
  • Natural sciences and health sciences,
  • Earth sciences,
  • Soil science
Information
Abstract
Agronomic management in Ciudad Real, a province in central Spain, is characteristic of semi-arid cropped areas whose water supplies have high nitrate (NO3?) content due to environmental degradation. This situation is aggravated by the existence of a restrictive subsurface layer of ?caliche? or hardpan at a depth of 0.60 m. Under these circumstances, fertirrigation rates, including nitrogen (N) fertilizer schedules, must be carefully calibrated to optimize melon yields while minimizing the N pollution and water supply. Such optimization was sought by fertilizing with different doses of N and irrigating at 100% of the ETc (crop evapotranspiration), adjusted for this crop and area. The N content in the four fertilizer doses used was: 0, 55, 82 and 109 kg N ha?1. Due to the NO3? content in the irrigation water, however, the actual N content was 30 kg ha?1 higher in all four treatments repeated in two different years. The results showed correlation between melon plant N uptake and drainage (Dr), which in turn affects the amount of N leached, as well as correlation between Dr and LAI (leaf area index) for each treatment. A fertilizer factor (?) was estimated through two methods, from difference in Dr and in LAI ratio with respect to the maximum N dose, to correct ETc based on N doses. The difference was found in the adjusted evapotranspiration in both years using the corresponding ? achieved 42?49 mm at vegetative period, depending on the method, and it was not significant at senescent period. Finally, a growth curve between N uptake and plant dry weight (DW) for each treatment was defined to confirm that the observed higher plant vigour, showing higher LAI and reduced Dr, was due mainly to higher N doses.
International
Si
JCR
Si
Title
Agricultural Water Management
ISBN
0378-3774
Impact factor JCR
1,998
Impact info
Datos JCR del año 2011
Volume
diciembre
doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2012.10.020
Journal number
From page
1
To page
8
Month
SIN MES
Ranking
Participants
  • Autor: M.T. Castellanos
  • Autor: M.C. Cartagena
  • Autor: Fco. Ribas
  • Autor: M.J. Cabello
  • Autor: A. Arce
  • Autor: Ana Maria Tarquis Alfonso (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Grupo de Automatización en Señal y Comunicaciones (GASC)
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Estudios e Investigación para la Gestión de Riesgos Agrarios Medioambientales (CEIGRAM)
S2i 2020 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)