Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Communications at congresses:
Effect of biodiversity changes in disease risk: exploiring disease emergence in a plant-virus system
Year:2012
Research Areas
  • Viral pathogens of plants,
  • Crop production
Information
Abstract
The effect of biodiversity on the ability of parasites to infect their host and cause disease (i.e. disease risk) is a major question in pathology, which is central to understand the emergence of infectious diseases, and to develop strategies for their management. Two contrasting hypotheses relate biodiversity to disease risk: One states that biodiversity is positively correlated with disease risk (Amplification Effect), and the second predicts a negative correlation between biodiversity and disease risk (Dilution Effect). Which of them applies better to different host-parasite systems is still a source of debate, due to limited experimental or empirical data. This is especially the case for viral diseases of plants. To address this subject, we have monitored for three years the prevalence of several viruses, and virus-associated symptoms, in populations of wild pepper (chiltepin) under different levels of human management. For each population, we also measured the habitat species diversity, host plant genetic diversity and host plant density. Results indicate that disease and infection risk increased with the level of human management, which was associated with decreased species diversity and host genetic diversity, and with increased host plant density. Importantly, species diversity of the habitat was the primary predictor of disease risk for wild chiltepin populations. This changed in managed populations where host genetic diversity was the primary predictor. Host density was always a poorer predictor of disease risk. These results support the dilution effect hypothesis, and underline the relevance of different ecological factors in determining disease risk in host plant populations under different levels of anthropic influence. These results are relevant for managing plant diseases and for establishing conservation policies for endangered plant species.
International
Si
Congress
Plant Virus Ecology Network. Workshop 5: The future of plant virus ecology
960
Place
Lawrence, Kansas (USA)
Reviewers
Si
ISBN/ISSN
00-0000-000-0
Start Date
11/09/2012
End Date
13/09/2012
From page
11
To page
11
Plant Virus Ecology Network
Participants
  • Autor: Jesus Israel Pagan Muñoz (UPM)
  • Autor: Pablo González-Jara (UPM)
  • Autor: Alejandra Moreno-Letelier (Unoversidad Nacional Autónoma de México)
  • Autor: Manuel Alfredo Rodelo Urrego (UPM)
  • Autor: Aurora Fraile Perez (UPM)
  • Autor: Daniel Piñero (Unoversidad Nacional Autónoma de México)
  • Autor: Fernando Garcia-Arenal Rodriguez (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Patología Vegetal
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas, CBGP
  • Departamento: Biotecnología
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