Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
Influence of region of provenance and climate factors on wood anatomical traits of Pinus nigra Arn. subsp. salzmannii
Year:2012
Research Areas
  • Plants and animal biology and ecology,
  • Engineering
Information
Abstract
Region of provenance is defined as an area with uniform ecological conditions where stands with similar phenotypic or genetic features are found. This study assesses the effect of differing climate conditions of eight Spanish regions of provenance of Pinus nigra Arn. subsp. salzmannii on earlywood anatomical traits measured in samples from basal discs from mature trees. Results showed that variation in wood biometry between provenances was high and more pronounced than intrapopulation variation. When comparing P. nigra with other Mediterranean pines, high intertracheid wall strength values are associated with better adaptation of pines to arid conditions. However, the intraspecific variations of this parameter in P. nigra did not follow the same pattern, due to the influence of mechanical support requirements. Trees subject to greater aridity were characterised by short tracheids, apparently resulting from their poorer growth, and high frequency of rays and ray parenchyma cells, which would allow trees to store greater amounts of starch, which is the source of metabolites invested in minimising the limitations imposed by water stress. Severe winter cold spells were strongly associated with high axial resin canal frequency and large radial resin canals, creating a powerful, preformed defence system. Increased tracheid lumen involved an increase in the size of bordered pits, favouring sap flow between tracheids, in addition to an increase in the maximum diameter of cross-field pits, favouring the flow of water and metabolites between the axial and radial systems. The high influence of region of provenance on structural variation in P. nigra shows the importance of provenance in the selection of seed origin for reforestation.
International
Si
JCR
Si
Title
European Journal of Forest Research
ISBN
1612-4669
Impact factor JCR
1,982
Impact info
Volume
131
10.1007/s10342-011-0537-x
Journal number
3
From page
633
To page
645
Month
MAYO
Ranking
7/59 FORESTRY (SCI)
Participants
  • Autor: Luis Garcia Esteban (UPM)
  • Autor: Juan Antonio Martin Garcia (UPM)
  • Autor: Paloma de Palacios De Palacios (UPM)
  • Autor: Francisco Garcia Fernandez (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Tecnología de la Madera y el Corcho
S2i 2019 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
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