Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
River Restoration in Spain: Theoretical and Practical Approach in the Context of the European Water Framework Directive.
Year:2012
Research Areas
  • Natural sciences and health sciences,
  • Earth sciences,
  • Engineering,
  • Civil engineering and architecture
Information
Abstract
River restoration is becoming a priority in many countries because of increasing the awareness of environmental degradation. In Europe, the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) has significantly reinforced river restoration, encouraging the improvement of ecological status for water bodies. To fulfill the WFD requirements, the Spanish Ministry of the Environment developed in 2006 a National Strategy for River Restoration whose design and implementation are described in this paper. At the same time many restoration projects have been conducted, and sixty of them have been evaluated in terms of stated objectives and pressures and implemented restoration measures. Riparian vegetation enhancement, weir removal and fish passes were the most frequently implemented restoration measures, although the greatest pressures came from hydrologic alteration caused by flow regulation for irrigation purposes. Water deficits in quantity and quality associated with uncontrolled water demands seriously affect Mediterranean rivers and represent the main constraint to achieving good ecological status of Spanish rivers, most of them intensively regulated. Proper environmental allocation of in-stream flows would need deep restrictions in agricultural water use which seem to be of very difficult social acceptance. This situation highlights the need to integrate land-use and rural development policies with water resources and river management, and identifies additional difficulties in achieving the WFD objectives and good ecological status of rivers in Mediterranean countries.
International
Si
JCR
Si
Title
Environmental Management
ISBN
0364-152X
Impact factor JCR
1,744
Impact info
Volume
10.1007/s00267-012-9862-1
Journal number
50
From page
123
To page
139
Month
SIN MES
Ranking
Participants
  • Autor: Marta Gonzalez del Tanago Del Rio (UPM)
  • Autor: Diego M Garcia de Jalon Lastra (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Hidrobiología
S2i 2020 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
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