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Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
Two-dimensional plasma expansion in a magnetic nozzle: Separation due to electron inertia
Year:2012
Research Areas
  • Engineering
Information
Abstract
A previous axisymmetric model of the supersonic expansion of a collisionless, hot plasma in a divergent magnetic nozzle is extended here in order to include electron-inertia effects. Up to dominant order on all components of the electron velocity, electron momentum equations still reduce to three conservation laws. Electron inertia leads to outward electron separation from the magnetic streamtubes. The progressive plasma filling of the adjacent vacuum region is consistent with electron-inertia being part of finite electron Larmor radius effects, which increase downstream and eventually demagnetize the plasma. Current ambipolarity is not fulfilled and ion separation can be either outwards or inwards of magnetic streamtubes, depending on their magnetization. Electron separation penalizes slightly the plume efficiency and is larger for plasma beams injected with large pressure gradients. An alternative nonzero electron-inertia model [E. Hooper, J. Propul. Power 9, 757 (1993)] based on cold plasmas and current ambipolarity, which predicts inwards electron separation, is discussed critically. A possible competition of the gyroviscous force with electron-inertia effects is commented briefly.
International
Si
JCR
Si
Title
Physics of Plasmas
ISBN
1070-664X
Impact factor JCR
2,147
Impact info
Volume
19
Journal number
From page
083501-1
To page
083501-9
Month
AGOSTO
Ranking
Participants
  • Autor: Eduardo Ahedo Galilea (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Análisis y experimentación en mecánica de fluidos y combustión
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