Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
Effect of wildfires on soil respiration in three typical Mediterranean forest ecosystems in Madrid, Spain
Year:2012
Research Areas
  • Natural environment,
  • Climate change,
  • Ecology,
  • Fire
Information
Abstract
Background and Aims Mediterranean forests are vulnerable to numerous threats including wildfires due to a combination of climatic factors and increased urbanization. In addition, increased temperatures and summer drought lead to increased risk of forest fires as a result of climate change. This may have important consequences for C dynamics and balance in these ecosystems. Soil respiration was measured over 2 successive years in Holm oak (Quercus ilex subsp. ballota; Qi); Pyrenean Oak (Quercus pyrenaica Willd; Qp); and Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.; Ps) forest stands located in the area surrounding Madrid (Spain), to assess the long term effects of wildfires on C efflux from the soil, soil properties, and the role of soil temperature and soil moisture in the variation of soil respiration. Methods Soil respiration, soil temperature, soil moisture, fine root mass, microbial biomass, biological and chemical soil parameters were compared between non burned (NB) and burned sites (B). Results The annual C losses through soil respiration from NB sites in Qi, Qp and Ps were 790, 1010, 1380 gCm?2yr?1, respectively, with the B sites emitting 43 %, 22 % and 11 % less in Qi, Qp and Ps respectively. Soil microclimate changed with higher soil temperature and lower soil moisture in B sites after fire. Exchangeable cations and the pH also decreased. The total SOC stocks were not significantly altered, but 6?8 years after wildfires, there was still measurably lower fine root and microbial biomass, while SOC quality changed, indicated by lower the C/N ratio and the labile carbon and a relative increase in refractory SOC forms, which resulted in lower Q10 values.
International
Si
JCR
Si
Title
Plant And Soil
ISBN
0032-079X
Impact factor JCR
2,733
Impact info
Volume
10.1007/s11104-012-1576-x
Journal number
From page
1
To page
18
Month
SIN MES
Ranking
Participants
  • Autor: Alfredo Blanco Andray (UPM)
  • Autor: Carla Uribe
  • Autor: Rosa Inclán
  • Autor: Dolores M. Sánchez
  • Autor: Ángeles Clavero
  • Autor: Ana María Fernández
  • Autor: Ramón Morante
  • Autor: A. Cardeña
  • Autor: H. Van Miegroet
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Ecología y Paisaje
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