Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Communications at congresses:
Environmental effect on life-history traits determine virus-tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana.
Year:2013
Research Areas
  • Phytopathology,
  • Viral pathogens of plants,
  • Crop production
Information
Abstract
Plants have developed a variety of mechanisms to compensate for the cost of biotic and/or abiotic stresses. Upon parasite infection, host may respond differently, which may be categorized into different strategies. In one of the tactic, host can go through life-history modifications that compensate for the negative effects of parasitism, which is considered part of tolerance mechanisms. Life-history theory makes predictions for the adjustment of resource investment by organisms, based on the notion that trade-offs exist between resources allocated to different fitness components: growth, reproduction and survival. Thus, parasite infection may modify optimal resource distribution and consequently induce plastic modifications to the host. Models for evolution of resource allocation predict that parasitized organisms will allocate more resources to reproduction, subtracting them from those dedicated to growth and survival. Our group tested predictions of life-history evolution theory by establishing the plant-parasite system of Arabidopsis thaliana and the generalist virus Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) in order to study the effect of virus infection on plant growth and reproductive effort. It was shown that plastic modifications upon CMV infection were substantial compared to mock inoculated plants [3]. More specifically, such modification in allocation of resources due to infection and life-history responses was different depending on the allometric features of Arabidopsis genotypes and two groups were distinctively significant, with group1 genotypes being on average more tolerant than those of group2. Since tolerance is a quantitative trait based on phenotypic plasticity upon infection, the optimal amount of resources allocated to each of these components may be corrected according to environmental conditions in order to maximize the organism?s fitness. Hence, tolerance might be environment-dependent. To test this hypothesis, four Arabidopsis ecotypes were inoculated with CMV and grown in similar conditions with the exception of two factors: the light intensity [50 or 250 mmol.S-1.m-2], and the temperature. Mock-inoculated plants were compared with those infected with LS-CMV. The outcome of the plants-virus interaction varied from high virulence to tolerance within the range of conditions tested, but phenotypic was also genetically determined. The most representative of many changes observed in the phenologic and phenotypic traits tested will be presented to illustrate this major result.
International
No
Congress
XII Congreso Nacional de Virología
960
Place
Burgos
Reviewers
Si
ISBN/ISSN
00-0000-00
Start Date
09/06/2013
End Date
12/06/2013
From page
199
To page
199
Virología. Publicación Oficial de la sociedad Española de Virología
Participants
  • Autor: Jean Michel Hily (UPM)
  • Autor: Fernando Garcia-Arenal Rodriguez (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Patología Vegetal
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas, CBGP
  • Departamento: Biotecnología
S2i 2019 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
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