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Memorias de investigación
Communications at congresses:
MOTIVATION AMONG BASKETBALL PLAYERS: DIFFERENCES ACCORDING TO THE COMPETITION
Year:2013
Research Areas
  • Physical education and sport
Information
Abstract
Introduction Adolescence is a key period to become regular practitioners of physical activity or to completely abandon it. Existing literature has set the importance of the context where activity takes place as a factor which can predict many other motivational outcomes. The aim of this study was to analyze differences that young basketball players show in the perception of important motivational variables from the tenets of Self Determination Theory according to the league they take part in. Methods Psychological Needs Satisfaction in Exercise Scale (PNSE), Sport Motivation Scale (SMS) and the Intention to be Physically Active Scale (IPAS) were administered to 204 young basketball players. One factor ANOVA was used to find possible differences among players belonging to preferred federated (PF), federated competition (A) and municipal sport games competition (MSG). Scheffé post-hoc tests were use to compare groups. Results Differences were found in future intention to be physically active (I; F =3.41, p < .05) and in relatedness (R; F =3.47, p < .05). Post-hoc test revealed PF players (M=4.49; SD=.57) scored higher in I than MSG (M=4.18; SD=.73). Also, PF players (M=3.93; SD=.58) got higher scores in R than F (M=3.64; SD=.61) and MSG (M=3.65; SD=.44). No differences were found in the rest of variables: competence, autonomy and intrinsic motivation (p > .05). Discussion PF players showed higher scores both in I and R. Existing literature (Carpenter, et al., 2002 & GarcíaCalvo, et al., 2010) has shown a relation between R and adherence to the physical activity, which, in our study, could be reinforced by the higher level of I in PF sample. These players have chance of promoting to elite basketball teams which could explain their higher levels of I due to an extra-motivation. Furthermore, players from this league spend more time together due to longer training sessions, travels, etc. which can improve the quality of their friendship and so, support feelings of R (Cox, et al., 2008). It seems that players from different competitions have disparate motivational profiles and which thus should receive adapted interventions. References Cox, A.,Smith, A.,& Williams, L. (2008). Change in physical education motivation and physical activity behaviour during middle school. Journal of Adolescent Health, 43, 506 - 513. García Calvo, T., Cervelló, E., Jiménez, R., Iglesias, D., & Moreno, J. A. (2010).Using self-determination theory to explain sport persistence and dropout in adolescent athletes. Spanish Journal of Psychology, 13(2), 677-684. Guillet, E., Sarrazin, P.,Carpenter, P., Troullioud, D., & Cury, F. (2002). Predicting persistence or withdrawal in female handballers with Social Exchange Theory. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 37, 92-104
International
No
Congress
European College of Sport Science (ECSS)
960
Place
Reviewers
Si
ISBN/ISSN
978-84-695-7786-8
Start Date
26/06/2013
End Date
29/06/2013
From page
801
To page
801
18th annual Congress of the EUROPEAN COLLEGE OF SPORT SCIENCE
Participants
  • Autor: Francisco Javier Coteron Lopez (UPM)
  • Autor: Evelia Franco Álvarez (UPM)
  • Autor: Ignacio Refoyo Roman (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: ESTUDIOS SOCIALES Y HUMANISTAS EN ACTIVIDAD FÍSICA Y DEPORTE
  • Departamento: Deportes
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