Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
Effects of built environment on walking at the neighborhood scale. A new role for street networks by modeling their configurational accessibility?
Year:2015
Research Areas
  • Civil engineering and architecture
Information
Abstract
The hypothesis of this paper is that some features of the built environment, particularly those concerned with the accessibility of the street network, could be associated with the proportion of pedestrians on all trips (modal split) found in different parts of a city. Quantitative analysis (bi-variate correlation and a multiple regression model) was used to establish the association between variables. The study area covered a substantial part of the metropolitan area in Madrid, Spain. Results showed a consistent influence of five particular indexes in the multi-variate model. Not surprisingly for this kind of research, four of them described density and mix of land uses. But perhaps more interestingly, the first one was a measure of the accessibility of the public space network, a less prominent variable in literature to date. This variable is called herein Configurational Accessibility, calculated using Space Syntax, an urban morphology theory. The relevance of Configurational Accessibility is probably related to its surprising ability to synthesize global and perceived properties of street networks at the same time. The findings introduce the idea that the configuration of the urban grid can influence the proportion of pedestrians (as a part of total trips in any transport mode) who choose to walk on single-journey trips. The discussion links with the current debate about walkability indexes and the need of empirical support for the chosen variables and also with transport planning. Because the relevance of the street network's role is not so easy to grasp, inputs from configurational theory and the pedestrian potential underlying this fact are also discussed at the end of the paper.
International
Si
JCR
Si
Title
Transportation Research Part A-Policy And Practice
ISBN
0965-8564
Impact factor JCR
2,725
Impact info
Datos JCR del año 2012
Volume
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2015.02.003
Journal number
74(2015)
From page
148
To page
163
Month
SIN MES
Ranking
Participants
  • Autor: Fco Jose Lamiquiz Dauden (UPM)
  • Autor: Jorge López Domínguez (ETSIA-UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Departamento: Urbanística y Ordenación del Territorio
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