Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Communications at congresses:
Yield, nutrient utilization and soil properties in a melon crop amended with wine-distillery waste
Year:2014
Research Areas
  • Soil analysis,
  • Waste recycling,
  • Horticulture
Information
Abstract
In Spain, large quantities of wine are produced every year (3,339,700 tonnes in 2011) (FAO, 2011) with the consequent waste generation. During the winemaking process, solid residues like grape stalks are generated, as well as grape marc and wine lees as by-products. According to the Council Regulation (EC) 1493/1999 on the common organization of the wine market, by-products coming from the winery industry must be sent to alcohol-distilleries to generate exhausted grape marc and vinasses. With an adequate composting treatment, these wastes can be applied to soils as a source of nutrients and organic matter. A three-year field experiment (2011, 2012 and 2013) was carried out in Ciudad Real (central Spain) to study the effects of wine-distillery waste compost application in a melon crop (Cucumis melo L.). Melon crop has been traditionally cultivated in this area with high inputs of water and fertilizers, but no antecedents of application of winery wastes are known. In a randomized complete block design, four treatments were compared: three compost doses consisted of 6.7 (D1), 13.3 (D2) and 20 t compost ha-1 (D3), and a control treatment without compost addition (D0). The soil was a shallow sandy-loam (Petrocalcic Palexeralfs) with a depth of 0.60 m and a discontinuous petrocalcic horizon between 0.60 and 0.70 m, slightly basic (pH 8.4), poor in organic matter (0.24%), rich in potassium (410 ppm) and with a medium level of phosphorus (22.1 ppm). During each growing period four harvests were carried out and total and marketable yield (fruits weighting <1 kg or visually rotten were not considered), fruit average weight and fruit number per plant were determined. At the end of the crop cycle, four plants per treatment were sampled and the nutrient content (N, P and K) was determined. Soil samplings (0-30 cm depth) were carried before the application of compost and at the end of each growing season and available N and P, as well as exchangeable K content were analyzed. With this information, an integrated analysis was carried out with the aim to evaluate the suitability of this compost as organic amendment.
International
Si
Congress
EUROPEAN GEOSCIENCES UNION EGU - GENERAL ASSEMBLY 2014
960
Place
Viena (Austria)
Reviewers
Si
ISBN/ISSN
CDP08UPM
Start Date
22/04/2014
End Date
02/05/2014
From page
13662
To page
13662
Geophysical Research Abstracts
Participants
  • Autor: Maria Isabel Requejo Mariscal (UPM)
  • Autor: Raquel Villena Gordo (UPM)
  • Autor: Maria Carmen Cartagena Causape (UPM)
  • Autor: Francisco Ribas Elcorobarrutia (Junta de Comunidades Castilla-La Mancha)
  • Autor: Maria Jesús Cabello Cabello (Junta de Comunidades Castilla-La Mancha)
  • Autor: Augusto Arce Martinez (UPM)
  • Autor: Maria Teresa Castellanos Serrano (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Contaminación de agroecosistemas por las prácticas agrícolas
  • Grupo de Investigación: Sistemas de producción y protección vegetal sostenibles
  • Departamento: Química y Tecnología de Alimentos
S2i 2020 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
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