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Memorias de investigación
Book chapters:
Nervous Excitability Dynamics in a Multisensory Syndrome and its Similitude with Normals: Scaling Laws
Year:2014
Research Areas
  • Physics chemical and mathematical
Information
Abstract
In the context of increased number of works published on multisensory and crossmodal effects related to human cerebral processing and brain plasticity, we review the phenomenology and interpretation of a cortical syndrome that is associated with a unilateral parieto-occipital lesion in a rather unspecific (or multisensory) zone of the cortex. This syndrome is closely related to recent findings. The patients with this syndrome suffered from bilateral and symmetric multisensory disorders with dynamic effects dependent on the extent of nervous mass lost and the intensity of the stimulus. They also presented cross-modal effects. The physiological interpretation of this syndrome has led to a rather unitary conception of brain dynamics. It can help us to understand perception laws on a physiological basis and can open new avenues of research. A key point is the similitude of this syndrome with normals, in the sense that this syndrome would be the result of a scale reduction in the cerebral excitability (assumption based on neurophysiological data). This will permit us to understand the desynchronization between different sensory qualities due to their successive loss according to a well-defined physiological order that is determined by their different excitability demands. The first qualities lost when the nervous excitation diminishes are themost complex ones. This process seems to followthe allometric laws of dynamical systems that have been subjected to a scale reduction. The striking disorder of inverted perception (visual, tactile, or auditive) in this syndrome is compared to other cases of visual inversion reported in the bibliography. Special attention is also paid to the noticeable capability of improving perception by intensification of the stimulus or by means of another type of stimulus (cross-modal), muscular effort being one of the most efficient and less known means. This capability was found to be greater as the nervous excitability deficit (lesion) was greater and as the primary stimulus was weaker. Thus, in a normal subject, this capability is much weaker (or negligible), though still perceptible for functions with high excitability demand, as shown in recent research. We also review the proposed scheme of functional cortical gradients where the specificity of the cortex is distributed with a continuous variation, in relation to other proposals and recent findings. The model would account for multisensory or cross-modal interactions. Experimental data of perception (including cross-modal effects) in central syndrome cases are fitted using Stevens? power law. This law is in relation to allometric scaling power laws dependent on the active neural mass, that seem to govern many biological neural networks.
International
Si
Book Edition
1
Book Publishing
Nova Science Publishers
ISBN
978-1-62948-426-6
Series
Horizons in Neuroscience Research
Book title
Horizons in Neuroscience Research. Volume 13.
From page
161
To page
190
Participants
  • Autor: Isabel Gonzalo Fonrodona (Universidad Complutense de Madrid)
  • Autor: Miguel Angel Porras Borrego (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Grupo de Sistemas Complejos
  • Departamento: Energía y Combustibles
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