Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Artículos en revistas:
Nutritional Intervention Program in Elite Athletes: Single Case Design Research
Año:2014
Áreas de investigación
  • Ciencias naturales y ciencias de la salud,
  • Humanidades y ciencias sociales
Datos
Descripción
The American College of Sports Medicine and the International Olympic Committee argue that sports performance is improved with optimal nutrition. However, scientific evidence shows that professional athletes do not perform adequate nutritional intake compared to recommendations. This work pursues two aims: a) describe the nutritional practices of one professional basketball player, b) carry out a long term nutritional intervention to adapt his diet to current recommendations. A single-case design study was conducted with one professional basketball player (centre) of the Spanish ACB League, healthy, English, 24 years, 111.4 Kg weight (W) and 2.11 m height. Dietary intervention (3 months on competitive phase) was employed regarding the individual dietary needs of the athlete as well as a pre and post sports nutrition knowledge survey (Reilly and Maughan 2007). Dietary intake was assessed with a pre and post 7-day food record. Anthropometric measures (ISAK) were taken before and after the intervention. Pre nutritional intervention, the mean total energy intake (TEI) was below the estimated total energy expenditure (TEE) (3980 vs. 4800 Kcal/ day) and carbohydrates (CHO) intake was low in comparison with the recommendation for intermittent intensity sports (3.7 g vs.7-12 g/Kg W). Protein (P) intake was satisfactory (1.4 vs. 1.2-1.6 g/Kg W/day) whereas total fat (TF) intake was just at the maximum recommended value (35% vs. 20-35% of TEI) and saturated fatty acids intake (SFA) was above recommendation (11% vs. < 10% of TEI). Alcohol consumption was also excessive (43g vs. 20g ethanol/day). Post dietary intervention, TEI (4259 kcal) and CHO intake (5.1 g/Kg W/ day) were improved, did not reach the recommendation. P intake remained unchanged (1.4 g/Kg W/day) and TF and SFA intake decreased to 26% and 8% of TEI respectively achieving the recommended values. Moreover, alcohol intake decreased to 10 g/day post-intervention. Furthermore, there was an improvement in nutrition knowledge but not statistically significant. A long term nutritional intervention is useful to improve nutritional practices of one professional basketball player. In future research, it will be necessary to prolong the intervention and analyze the relationship between the changes of nutritional practices with sports performance.
Internacional
Si
JCR del ISI
Si
Título de la revista
International Journal of Sport Nutrition And Exercise Metabolism
ISSN
1526-484X
Factor de impacto JCR
1,982
Información de impacto
Volumen
24
DOI
Número de revista
s1-s10
Desde la página
2
Hasta la página
2
Mes
SIN MES
Ranking
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
Participantes
  • Autor: Noelia Bonfanti (UPM)
  • Autor: Alberto Lorenzo Calvo (UPM)
  • Autor: Miguel Angel Gomez Ruano (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Grupo de Inv. Psicosocial y Técnicas Aplicadas a la Actividad Física y el Deporte
  • Departamento: Deportes
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