Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
How can irrigated agriculture adapt to climate change? Insights from the Guadiana Basin in Spain
Year:2014
Research Areas
  • Agriculture,
  • Agricultural economics
Information
Abstract
Climate change is already affecting many natural systems and human environments worldwide, like the semiarid Guadiana Basin in Spain. This paper illustrates a systematic analysis of climate change adaptation in the Guadiana irrigation farming region. The study applies a solution-oriented diagnostic framework structured along a series of sequential analytical steps. An initial stage integrates economic and hydrologic modeling to evaluate the effects of climate change on the agriculture and water sectors. Next, adaptation measures are identified and prioritized through a stakeholder-based multi-criteria analysis. Finally, a social network analysis identifies key actors and their relationships in climate change adaptation. The study shows that under a severe climate change scenario, water availability could be substantially decreased and drought occurrence will augment. In consequence, farmers will adapt their crops to a lesser amount of water and income gains will diminish, particularly for smallholder farms. Among the various adaptation measures considered, those related to private farming (new crop varieties and modern irrigation technologies) are ranked highest, whereas public-funded hard measures (reservoirs) are lowest and public soft measures (insurance) are ranked middle. In addition, stakeholders highlighted that the most relevant criteria for selecting adaptation plans are environmental protection, financial feasibility and employment creation. Nonetheless, the social network analysis evidenced the need to strengthen the links among the different stakeholder groups to facilitate the implementation of adaptation processes. In sum, the diagnostic framework applied in this research can be considered a valuable tool for guiding and supporting decision making in climate change adaptation and communicating scientific results.
International
Si
JCR
Si
Title
Regional Environmental Change
ISBN
1436-3798
Impact factor JCR
2,26
Impact info
Volume
Dic 14
0.1007/s10113-014-0720-y
Journal number
From page
1
To page
12
Month
SIN MES
Ranking
Participants
  • Autor: Irene Blanco Gutierrez (UPM)
  • Autor: Consuelo Varela Ortega (UPM)
  • Autor: Paloma Esteve Bengoechea (UPM)
  • Autor: S. Bharwani
  • Autor: S. Fronzek
  • Autor: T.E. Downing
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Economía Agraria y Gestión de los Recursos Naturales
  • Departamento: Economía Agraria, Estadística y Gestión de Empresas
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Estudios e Investigación para la Gestión de Riesgos Agrarios Medioambientales (CEIGRAM). Centro Mixto UPM-AGROMUTUA-ENESA
S2i 2020 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)