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Evolution of energy cost of running during cycle-run succession in elite young triathletes
Year:2007
Research Areas
  • Physiology
Information
Abstract
INTRODUCTION Cycling-run transition is a key moment in triathlon competition. The oxygen cost of running (OC) has been studied previously in senior triathletes (1-3), The aim of this study was to compare OC during cycle-run succession with OC during isolated run in Spanish young triathletes. MATERIAL AND METHODS Six elite triathletes (15,2±0,8 years; 60,8±6,2 kg; 173,7±6,4 cm; 78,2±4,0 ml/min/kg), classified between 1th and 8th in the Spanish National Champioships, participated in the study. Experimental protocol consisted of two trials performed in ramdon order. In trial 1 (C-R) subjects completed 30 min cycling at 3,5 W/kg on a cyclergometer. Inmediately after, subjects run 3000m as fast as possible on a 400m court. Trial 2 (R) consisted of running 3000m as fast as possible. All cardiorespiratory variables were measured with a portable metabolic system (Jaeger Oxycon Mobile) and OC was calculated each 400m using the formula of di Prampero (4). A two way ANOVA (exercise x lap) with repeated measures was performed in order to assess the difference between C-R and R. The level of significance was fixed at p<0,05. RESULTS Global effect of exercise: No significant differences were observed for OC comparing C-R and R, with higher values for R. In the same way, VO2 and VE showed no differences. The relationship between VE/VO2 and HR were significantly lower during R, and faster results in the 3000m run were found during R. Interaction between factors: Significantly lower results during R were found for VO2, VE, OC and HR in the first lap. Between 4th and 7th laps, speed was lower during C-R. DISCUSSION Absence of differences between C-R and R for OC are not consistent with those presented by others authors (1-3). This could be due to differences in subject¿s performance level or protocol used. Also, we can not exclude the possibility that prefatigue during cycling was not high enough to generate alterations in running economy. Thus, we conclude that elite young triathles does not experience an impairment of running economy during cyclingrun succession, although more research is needed to know if this response is consecuence or not of performance level.
International
Si
Congress
12th Annual Congress of the European Collegue of Sport Science
960
Place
Jyväskylä (Finland)
Reviewers
Si
ISBN/ISSN
978-951.790-242-7
Start Date
11/07/2007
End Date
14/07/2007
From page
To page
Participants
  • Autor: MARÍA ÁLVAREZ SÁNCHEZ (Universidad Politécnica de Madrid)
  • Autor: Victor Diaz Molina (UPM)
  • Autor: Ana Belen Peinado Lozano (UPM)
  • Autor: Augusto Garcia Zapico (UPM)
  • Autor: MANUEL SILLERO QUINTANA (Universidad Politécnica de Madrid)
  • Autor: Pedro Jose Benito Peinado (UPM)
  • Autor: Fco. Javier Calderon Montero (UPM)
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  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Grupo de Inv. del Laboratorio de Fisiología del Esfuerzo
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