Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Communications at congresses:
FRAMEWORK FOR FOOD SECURITY ANALYSIS AT NATIONAL LEVEL
Year:2014
Research Areas
  • Crop production,
  • Agrarian economy
Information
Abstract
The purpose of this work is to face the fresh food security function in the developing nations. It is not an easy task; on the other, it is a very important feature on people?s welfare, nations? development and social stability at a national level. The methodology applied will be the Porter?s Diamond. The ensemble of resources, either physical infrastructures or capable companies or adequate regulations, to support the implementation of efficient and functional food security networks in many countries, frequently is provided without analysis of the population demand profile and resources available, normally importing other country model. Given the importance of food security to provide the correct amount of food to the different populations in a country, a framework for analyzing the competitive balance of the factors involved and the different models under consideration has been selected. Michael Porter described the Diamond in 1990 in his seminal work ?The competitive advantage of Nations?. It considers different national factors that interact to produce the competitive advantage, such as home demand conditions, related support industries, factor conditions, companies` strategy and rivalry and Government regulation. With the Diamond the profile of the different factors are analyzed according to priority and importance. The resulting model allows detecting weaknesses and strengths considering the principal actors that build a food security network. Also it is possible to represent graphically the points of analysis, which allows to explore together different models of food security networks. The food supply it is a vital factor in every country for the population survival. The fresh food production, mainly fruits and vegetables, meat and fish, needs a net work of markets, at wholesale and retail level in order to distribute that fresh food from the farms where is produced to the final consumer, mainly located in the big cities (farm-to- fork). The whole activities related to bring food and supply to the final consumers is denominated ?food security?. There is another concept associated to the food security which is called ?food safety?. In some extend both are related, but different. The food safety concept means that the food must be ?safe? for human consumption (innocuous). This simple difference (security-safety) has created some confusion in some countries. Food security guarantees the quantity of food supplied to people. Food safety guarantees the quality of food from human health perspective.
International
Si
Congress
International Conference on Applied Business Research ICABR2014
960
Place
Rep. Checa
Reviewers
Si
ISBN/ISSN
9788075092236
Start Date
06/10/2014
End Date
10/10/2014
From page
609
To page
620
Proceedinsg of International Conference on Applied Business Research ICABR2014
Participants
  • Autor: Jose Luis Lopez Garcia (UPM)
  • Autor: B. Aurelio Villa Perez (UPM)
  • Autor: Jesus Calzadilla Daguerre (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Sistemas de producción y protección vegetal sostenibles
  • Departamento: Economía Agraria, Estadística y Gestión de Empresas
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