Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Ponencias en congresos:
Evaluating the spatial and social equity effects of road pricing in the European urban context: the Madrid Metropolitan Area.
Año:2014
Áreas de investigación
  • Transporte
Datos
Descripción
The paper explores the spatial and social impacts arising from implementation of a road-pricing scheme in the Madrid Metropolitan Area (MMA). Our analytical focus is on understanding the effects of the scheme on the transport accessibility of different social groups within the MMA. We define an evaluation framework to appraise the accessibility of different districts within the MMA in terms of the actual and perceived cost of using the road infrastructure ?before? and ?after? the implementation of the scheme. The framework was developed using quantitative survey data and qualitative data from focus group discussions with residents. We then simulated user behaviors (mode and route choice) based on the empirical evidence from a travel demand model for the MMA. The results from our simulation model demonstrated that implementation of the toll on the orbital metropolitan motorways (M40, M30, for example) decreases accessibility most in the districts where there are no viable public transport alternatives. Our key finding is that the economic burden of the road-pricing scheme particularly affects unskilled and lower income individuals living in the south of the MMA. Consequently lower income people reduce their use of tolled roads and have to find new arrangements for these trips: i.e. switch to the public transport, spend double the time for their commuter trips or stay at home. The results of our research could be applicable more widely for anyone wishing to better understand the important relationship between increased transport cost and social equity, especially where there is an intention to introduce similar road-pricing schemes within the urban context.
Internacional
Si
Nombre congreso
Transport Research Board 93th Annual Meeting
Tipo de participación
960
Lugar del congreso
Washington (EE.UU.)
Revisores
Si
ISBN o ISSN
000-00-000-0000-0
DOI
Fecha inicio congreso
12/01/2014
Fecha fin congreso
16/01/2014
Desde la página
1
Hasta la página
17
Título de las actas
Transport Research Board 93th Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
Participantes
  • Autor: Floridea Di Ciommo . (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Planificación del Transporte
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Investigación del Transporte
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