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An integrated modeling approach to assess the impact on road freight transport demand of allowing longer and heavier vehicles in Spain
Research Areas
  • Transport
Improving the knowledge of demand evolution over time is a key aspect in the evaluation of transport policies and in forecasting future investment needs, specially critical for the case of toll roads. However, literature regarding demand elasticity estimates in toll roads is sparse and leaves some important aspects to be analyzed in greater detail. In particular, previous research does not focus on heavy vehicle demand, so that the specific behavioral patterns of this traffic segment are not taken into account. Furthermore, GDP is the main socioeconomic variable most commonly chosen to explain road freight traffic growth over time. This paper seeks to determine the variables that better explain the evolution of heavy vehicle demand in toll roads over time. To that end, we present a dynamic panel data methodology aimed at identifying the key socioeconomic variables that explain the behavior of road freight traffic throughout the years. The results show that, despite the usual practice, GDP may not constitute a suitable explanatory variable for heavy vehicle demand. Rather, considering only the GDP of those sectors with a high impact on transport demand, such as construction or industry, leads to more consistent results. The methodology is applied to Spanish toll roads for the 1990-2011 period. This is an interesting case in the international context, as road freight demand has experienced an even greater reduction in Spain than elsewhere, since the beginning of the economic crisis.
XVIII Congreso Panamericano de Ingeniería de Tránsito, Transporte y Logística, PANAM 2014.
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Actas del XVIII Congreso Panamericano de Ingeniería de Tránsito, Transporte y Logística, PANAM 2014.
  • Autor: Andrés Felipe Guzmán Valderrama
  • Autor: Jose Manuel Vassallo Magro (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Planificación del Transporte
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Investigación del Transporte
  • Departamento: Ingeniería Civil: Transporte y Territorio
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