Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
Existence of a virtual cathode close to a strongly electron emissive wall in low density plasmas
Year:2016
Research Areas
  • Phisics
Information
Abstract
The interaction between an electron emissive wall, electrically biased in a plasma, is revisited through a simple fluid model. We search for realistic conditions of the existence of a non-monotonic plasma potential profile with a virtual cathode as it is observed in several experiments. We mainly focus our attention on thermionic emission related to the operation of emissive probes for plasma diagnostics, although most conclusions also apply to other electron emission processes. An extended Bohm criterion is derived involving the ratio between the two different electron densities at the potential minimum and at the background plasma. The model allows a phase- diagram analysis, which confirms the existence of the non-monotonic potential profiles with a virtual cathode. This analysis shows that the formation of the potential well critically depends on the emitted electron current and on the velocity at the sheath edge of cold ions flowing from the bulk plasma. As a consequence, a threshold value of the governing parameter is required, in accordance to the physical nature of the electron emission process. This latter is a threshold wall temperature in the case of thermionic electrons. Experimental evidence supports our numerical calculations of this threshold temperature. Besides this, the potential well becomes deeper with increasing electron emission, retaining a fraction of the released current which limits the extent of the bulk plasma perturbation. This noninvasive property would explain the reliable measurements of plasma potential by using the floating potential method of emissive probes operating in the so-called strong emission regime.
International
Si
JCR
Si
Title
Physics of Plasmas
ISBN
1070-664X
Impact factor JCR
2,249
Impact info
Datos JCR del año 2013
Volume
23
10.1063/1.4939042
Journal number
1
From page
013503
To page
013510
Month
ENERO
Ranking
Participants
  • Autor: Sandra Pilar Tierno Gomez (UPM)
  • Autor: Jose Manuel Donoso Vargas (UPM)
  • Autor: Juan Luis Domenech Garret (UPM)
  • Autor: Luis Conde Lopez (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Departamento: Física Aplicada a Las Ingenierías Aeronáutica y Naval
S2i 2020 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)