Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
Are mummies and adults of Eretmocerus mundus (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) compatible with modern insecticides?
Year:2015
Research Areas
  • Crop production
Information
Abstract
The parasitic wasp Eretmocerus mundus (Mercet) is an important natural enemy of the widespread key pest Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius). The toxicity of eleven modern insecticides applied at their maximum field recommended rate in Spain, was tested in two life stages of E. mundus: adults and mummies. Laboratory and persistence tests were conducted and effects assessed not only in terms of mortality but on reproductive performance as well. Some insecticides caused the same effect to both life stages: flubendiamide, methoxyfenozide, spiromesifen and flonicamid were harmless, while spinosad and sulfoxaflor were harmful. The last two insecticides cannot be used jointly with E. mundus under any condition because they were highly persistent. The rest of tested insecticides (spirotetramat, metaflumizone, deltamethrin, abamectin and emamectin) caused some direct mortality to one or both life stages and/or affected reproduction of the parasitic wasp and their harmful effect in the field ranged from short lived (metaflumizone and spirotetramat) to slightly persistent (emamectin) and to moderately persistent (abamectin and deltamethrin). Therefore, they could be recommended for use in IPM (Integrated Pest Management) programs together with the natural enemy if appropriate safety intervals after insecticide application are observed.
International
Si
JCR
Si
Title
Journal of Economic Entomology
ISBN
0022-0493
Impact factor JCR
1,605
Impact info
Volume
10.1093/jee/tov181
Journal number
108(5)
From page
2268
To page
2277
Month
SIN MES
Ranking
Participants
  • Autor: M. del Mar Fernandez Gallego (UPM)
  • Autor: Maria Pilar Medina Velez (UPM)
  • Autor: Alberto Fereres (Institute of Agricultural Sciences, CSIC)
  • Autor: Guy Smagghe (Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University)
  • Autor: Elisa Viñuela Sandoval (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Departamento: Producción Agraria
S2i 2020 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)