Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
Assessing the accessibility impact of transport policy by a land-use and transport interaction model - The case of Madrid
Year:2015
Research Areas
  • Transport
Information
Abstract
Accessibility is an essential concept widely used to evaluate the impact of transport and land-use strategies in urban planning and policy making. Accessibility is typically evaluated by using separately a transport model or a land-use model. This paper embeds two accessibility indicators (i.e., potential and adaptive accessibility) in a land use and transport interaction (LUTI) model in order to assess transport policies implementation. The first aim is to define the adaptive accessibility, considering the competition factor at territorial level (e.g. workplaces and workers). The second aim is to identify the optimal implementation scenario of policy measures using potential and adaptive accessibility indicators. The analysis of the results in terms of social welfare and accessibility changes closes the paper. Two transport policy measures are applied in Madrid region: a cordon toll and increase bus frequency. They have been simulated through the MARS model (Metropolitan Activity Relocation Simulator, i.e. LUTI model). An optimisation procedure is performed by MARS for maximizing the value of the objective function in order to find the optimal policy implementation (first best). Both policy measures are evaluated in terms of accessibility. Results show that the introduction of the accessibility indicators (potential and adaptive) influence the optimal value of the toll price and bus frequency level, generating different results in terms of social welfare. Mapping the difference between potential and adaptive accessibility indicator shows that the main changes occur in areas where there is a strong competition among different land-use opportunities.
International
Si
JCR
No
Title
Computers, Environment And Urban Systems
ISBN
0198-9715
Impact factor JCR
1,537
Impact info
2014 JCR Social Science Edition
Volume
49
Journal number
From page
126
To page
135
Month
ENERO
Ranking
Participants
  • Autor: Yang Wang (UPM)
  • Autor: Andres Monzon De Caceres (UPM)
  • Autor: Floridea Di Ciommo
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Planificación del Transporte
  • Departamento: Ingeniería Civil: Transporte y Territorio
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Investigación del Transporte
S2i 2020 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
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