Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Communications at congresses:
MtNramp1 is responsible for iron uptake by rhizobia infected cells in Medicago truncatula nodules
Year:2015
Research Areas
  • Natural sciences and health sciences
Information
Abstract
All known organisms need iron to accomplish important biological processes for life, ranging from gene transcription to respiration. Particularly in symbiotic nitrogen fixation (SNF) iron plays a critical role since the activity of key proteins involved in this process, such as nitrogenase, leghemoglobin, Fe-superoxide dismutase and other proteins involved in energy transduction, directly depends on the presence of iron as cofactor in their active centre. In the model legume Medicago truncatula, iron is delivered by the vasculature and released in the apoplast on the zone II of the nodule (infection/maturation zone). Then iron moves into rhizobia-infected cells and it is used in the synthesis of iron-containing proteins. Therefore, different iron transporters should mediate iron traffic through the plasma membrane of plant cells and the symbiosome membrane. However, no candidates were available to be responsible for iron transport across the plasma membrane from the nodule apoplast to rhizobia-infected cells. In the present work, we have identified a Nramp member gene from M. truncatula (MtNramp1) as responsible for iron transport from nodule apoplast into rhizobia-infected cell. MtNramp1 shows the highest expression in the nodule among the seven Nramp genes present in M. truncatula genome. Immunolocalization studies show that MtNramp1 is located in the plasma membrane of zone II nodule cells. A loss-of-function nramp1 mutant presented impaired growth specifically under symbiotic conditions, concomitant with a lower nitrogenase activity compared to wild-type plants. This phenotype was rescued by the addition of iron to the nutritive solution or by complementation of a mutant with a wild-type Nramp1 copy. Furthermore yeast complementation assays using mutant affected on iron transport pointed to a role of MrNramp1 in iron transport toward the cytosol. All together, these results point to a role of MtNramp1 in iron supply to nodule cells connected to SNF, and represent an important step toward the understanding of iron incorporation and homeostasis in plant nitrogen-fixing tissues.
International
Si
Congress
IV Portuguese-Spanish Congress on Nitrogen Fixation. XV National Meeting of the Spanish Society of Nitrogen Fixation
960
Place
Leon
Reviewers
Si
ISBN/ISSN
0000000000
Start Date
16/06/2015
End Date
18/06/2015
From page
100
To page
100
IV Portuguese-Spanish Congress on Nitrogen Fixation. XV National Meeting of the Spanish Society of Nitrogen Fixation
Participants
  • Autor: Manuel Tejada Jiménez (UPM)
  • Autor: M del Rosario Castro Rodriguez (UPM)
  • Autor: Igor Kryvoruchko (Noble Foundation)
  • Autor: M. Mercedes Lucas (CSIC)
  • Autor: Michael Udvardi (Noble Foundation)
  • Autor: Juan Imperial Ródenas (UPM)
  • Autor: Manuel Gonzalez Guerrero (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: BIOLOGÍA MOLECULAR Y COMPUTACIONAL
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas, CBGP
  • Departamento: Biotecnología - Biología Vegetal
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