Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Communications at congresses:
Type VI secretion systems of Bradyhizobium nodulating lupines
Year:2015
Research Areas
  • Natural sciences and health sciences
Information
Abstract
The Rhizobium-legume symbiosis is highly specific and depends on several molecular signals produced by both partners. Some of these signals are bacterial proteins named effectors that are translocated into the plant cells by secretion systems similar to contractile nanomachines also called injectisomes (Deakin and Broughton, 2009). The injectisomes puncture and deliver the effectors into the target cell. One of these nanomachines, known as type VI secretion system (T6SS), was discovered recently and is reminiscent of phage injection machinery (Records, 2011). The role of these systems in legume endosymbiotic bacteria is mostly unknown, and this work presents the initial study of T6SSs from different bradyrhizobia. T6SSs have been identified in draft genomic sequences from Bradyrhizobium strains isolated from Lupinus spp. thriving in the Iberian Peninsula. In all cases, the genes encoding T6SSs were grouped and showed, in most cases, a high degree of conservation among genes encoding the structural components of the system. Bradyrhizobium sp. strain ISLU101 isolated from L. angustifolius, contains two clusters of genes involved in the formation of T6SS. One of such systems, designated as T6SS-1, contains 17 genes and shows a high degree of conservation regarding genes of B. diazoefficiens USDA110. The other one, T6SS-2, contains 16 genes flanked by insertion element sequences. Amino acid similarity between equivalent proteins encoded in both clusters is only about 40-50 %. A phylogenetic analysis based on the concatenation of sequences of several T6SS proteins was performed, and results indicate a clear separation of T6SS-2 from most rhizobial T6SSs. ISLU101 T6SS mutant derivatives in genes impO, impC1 and impC2 were generated by single homologous recombination of amplified internal fragments from the respective genes cloned into the suicide vector pK18mobsac. The symbiotic behaviour of mutants was examined with L. angustifolius. Results showed no effect of impC1 and impC2 mutations, while the impO mutant generated smaller plants with a mixture of white/red nodules. These results suggest that T6SSs may play a role in the Bradyrhizobium-lupines symbioses
International
Si
Congress
IV Portuguese-Spanish meeting on Nitrogen Fixation, XV Reunión de la Sociedad Española de Fijación de Nitrógeno
960
Place
Leon
Reviewers
Si
ISBN/ISSN
0000000000
Start Date
16/06/2015
End Date
18/06/2015
From page
50
To page
50
IV Portuguese-Spanish meeting on Nitrogen Fixation, XV Reunión de la Sociedad Española de Fijación de Nitrógeno
Participants
  • Autor: Alba Pacheco (UPM)
  • Autor: V. Pastor (UPM)
  • Autor: David Ricardo Duran Wendt (UPM)
  • Autor: Jose Manuel Palacios Alberti (UPM)
  • Autor: Juan Imperial Ródenas (UPM)
  • Autor: Tomas-Andres Ruiz Argueso (UPM)
  • Autor: Luis Rey Navarro (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: BIOLOGÍA MOLECULAR Y COMPUTACIONAL
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas, CBGP
  • Departamento: Biotecnología - Biología Vegetal
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