Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Communications at congresses:
Defining the microbiome of a sugarcane plant
Year:2015
Research Areas
  • Natural sciences and health sciences
Information
Abstract
Studies on beneficial microorganisms associated to crops have traditionally used culture- based techniques, which are known to sample only a minute portion of the microbial community. Sugarcane has been a target of such researches, since there are repeated evidences of a microbial community supporting plant development and sustaining high yields under conditions of little or no fertilization. However, none study has taken into consideration the diversity or the qualitative/quantitative microbial communities in the biology of the plant. We intend to unravel the microbial community associated to sugarcane plants cultivated for four cuts without fertilization. Exophytic and endophytic microbial communities were evaluated in root, stalk, leaf and young shoot. We also accessed the microbial communities of bulk soil. Illumina platform was used to sequence 16S and ITS amplicons. Our data revealed that factors driving the community composition differ between prokaryote and fungi. Although the microbial diversity is huge for any tissue, a core microbiome comprised of less than 1% of the diversity represents 65% to 96% relative abundance of the total microbial diversity. Interestingly, the most abundant microbial groups are not the ones that have been isolated and evaluated over the past decades in sugarcane. The data open a new window for the investigation of untargeted microbes potentially beneficial for sugarcane growth and development.
International
Si
Congress
Rhizosphere 4
970
Place
Reviewers
Si
ISBN/ISSN
0000000000
Start Date
21/06/2015
End Date
25/06/2015
From page
296
To page
297
Rhizosphere 4
Participants
  • Autor: Rafael Souza (Universidad de Campinas)
  • Autor: Vagner Katsumi Okura (Universidad de Campinas)
  • Autor: Nuria Lozano Garcia (UPM)
  • Autor: Jaderson Silveira Leite Armanhi (Universidad de Campinas)
  • Autor: Laura Migliorino de Araujo (Universidad de Campinas)
  • Autor: Natalia Verza Ferreira (Universidad de Campinas)
  • Autor: Manuel Gonzalez Guerrero (UPM)
  • Autor: Homayoun Bagheri (Repsol Technology Center)
  • Autor: Marcio José da Silva (Universidad de Campinas)
  • Autor: Juan Imperial Ródenas (UPM)
  • Autor: Paulo Arruda (Universidad de Campinas)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: BIOLOGÍA MOLECULAR Y COMPUTACIONAL
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas, CBGP
  • Departamento: Biotecnología - Biología Vegetal
  • Departamento: Lenguajes y Sistemas Informáticos e Ingeniería de Software
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