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Memorias de investigación
Ponencias en congresos:
Influence of the training system on the agronomic behavior and grape composition of Albariño in Rías Baixas apellation
Año:2015
Áreas de investigación
  • Agricultura,
  • Producción vegetal,
  • Viticultura
Datos
Descripción
The aim of this study was to evaluate if early defoliation can be an alternative to bunch thinning in limiting yield and improving quality in grapes of the white cultivar Loureiro (Vitis vinifera L.), grafted onto 1103P. The field trial had been set up in a commercial vineyard in Vinhos Verdes Region (Northwest of Portugal, 41º 48? 53? N, 8º 24? 42? W). Treatments studied, performed five days before full bloom were: LR5 ? Leaf removal of the first five basal leaves, performed manually, LR8 ? Leave removal of the first eight basal leaves, LRM ? mechanical leaf removal and C ? the control, without defoliation. This paper reports the results of four years (2010-2013). The results presented a significant removal of main leaf area after defoliation principally in the most intensive treatment (LR8) but at harvest, the total leaf area had been compensated by lateral regrowth and no statistical differences between the treatments and the control were found. Early defoliation caused a decrease in fruit set and also a significant reduction in the diameter of the berry within the more severe defoliation treatments (LR5 and LR8). Yield factors were also significantly affected by the defoliation, causing a reduction of bunch weight and in 2013 a yield reduction in LR8 and LRM, and in 2010 in LR8. Conversely, LR5 presented a yield always similar to the control C. The reduction of cluster compactness and the substantial improvement of the microclimate at the cluster level significantly reduced bunch rot incidence in the defoliated modalities compared to control. No carry-over effects, along the four years trial were observed Early defoliation proved to be a canopy management technique that can have a strong impact in the final quality of grapes, reducing the compactness and lower the incidence and intensity of bunch rot, even if the reduction of yield observed in other papers had not been observed in all modalities.
Internacional
Si
Nombre congreso
19th GIESCO Symposium 2015
Tipo de participación
960
Lugar del congreso
Montpelier
Revisores
Si
ISBN o ISSN
00000000
DOI
Fecha inicio congreso
31/05/2015
Fecha fin congreso
05/06/2015
Desde la página
433
Hasta la página
436
Título de las actas
Comptes Rendus / Proceedings Volume 1
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
Participantes
  • Autor: Pedro Junquera
  • Autor: Miguel Tubío
  • Autor: Xaquín Rodiño
  • Autor: Jose Ramon Lissarrague Garcia-Gutierrez (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Grupo de Investigación en Viticultura
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Estudios e Investigación para la Gestión de Riesgos Agrarios Medioambientales (CEIGRAM). Centro Mixto UPM-AGROMUTUA-ENESA
  • Departamento: Producción Agraria
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