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Ponencias en congresos:
Yield and sugar accumulating capacities of Airén cultivar. A preliminary study
Año:2015
Áreas de investigación
  • Agricultura,
  • Producción vegetal,
  • Viticultura
Datos
Descripción
Airén is the most worldwide spread white grape cultivar, high yielding, well adapted to hot, dry conditions, and not very sensitive to fungal diseases. Its largest growing region is La Mancha, where Airén has been traditionally bush trained, spur pruned and grown with no irrigation. However, grape growing has evolved to meet the need for higher yields and harvest mechanization; and modern cultural practices train grape vines to simple multi-wire trellis systems, cane pruned, and usually irrigated. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the yield and sugar accumulating capacities of Airén cultivar with regard to leaf area, and to assess the influence that different yield components have on yield. In 2014, five commercial irrigated vineyards, located in La Mancha, of different ages, and grafted onto different rootstocks were selected for this study. Canopy surface area (SA) was measured at maturity. Berry weight and sugar concentration were measured during ripening on a weekly basis. Yield and yield components were determined at harvest. Values for shoot density ranged 2.3-5.1 shoots/m2; SA, 0.6-1.1 m2/m2; yield, 20-40 t/ha; fertility, 1.1-1.7 bunches/shoot; bunch weight, 450-650 g; berry weight, 2.5-2.9 g; and sugar concentration, 17-21 ºBrix. The number of bunches per shoot was the yield component that had the greatest influence on yield. The number of berries was the main contributing factor to bunch weight. A lineal relationship between SA/yield and sugar concentration was observed, with values of SA/yield ranging from 0.20 to 0.45 m2/kg. A ratio SA/yield of approximately 0.4 m2/kg was needed to reach a value of 20 ºBrix. Hence it would be necessary a SA of 12000 m2/ha, under the conditions of this study, to achieve a 30 t/ha yield, and a sugar concentration of 20 ºBrix. These results are a step forward in the study of the Airén cultivar, being of help for grape growers in the center area of Spain in order to maximize crop yield and sugar accumulation.
Internacional
Si
Nombre congreso
19th GIESCO Symposium 2015
Tipo de participación
960
Lugar del congreso
Montpelier
Revisores
Si
ISBN o ISSN
00000000
DOI
Fecha inicio congreso
30/05/2015
Fecha fin congreso
05/06/2015
Desde la página
337
Hasta la página
341
Título de las actas
Comptes Rendus / Proceedings Volume 1
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
Participantes
  • Autor: Pedro Junquera
  • Autor: Eduardo De José Prada
  • Autor: Juan Manuel Del Fresno
  • Autor: Juan Francisco Mejías
  • Autor: Jose Ramon Lissarrague Garcia-Gutierrez (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Grupo de Investigación en Viticultura
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Estudios e Investigación para la Gestión de Riesgos Agrarios Medioambientales (CEIGRAM). Centro Mixto UPM-AGROMUTUA-ENESA
  • Departamento: Producción Agraria
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