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Memorias de investigación
Ponencias en congresos:
Influence of shoot number on the global productivity of positioned and non-positioned training systems
Año:2015
Áreas de investigación
  • Agricultura,
  • Producción vegetal,
  • Viticultura
Datos
Descripción
The global productivity of a vineyard is conditioned by the development of leaf area. The shoot density and the spatial distribution of leaf area influence the porosity of the canopy and the production of dry matter. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of the shoot density in the production of biomass in renewable parts and in the canopy microclimate, in both positioned and non-positioned training systems. The trial was developed during 2013 and 2014, in a Cabernet Sauvignon vineyard in Albacete (Spain). In two different training systems, one positioned -Vertical Shoot Positioned (VSP)- and another not positioned -Sprawl-, three levels of shoot density were established: 35 000, 55 000 and 70 000 shoots per hectare. At maturity the total leaf area, the external leaf area and the volume occupied by the canopy were determined, and the leaf area density was calculated. At the end of ripening, the biomass produced in renewable vegetative organs ?leaves and shoots- and reproductive organs -cluster - were determined. The higher the shoot density was the greater the production of total biomass, due to increased biomass production in clusters. The individual shoot vigour offset the differences in shoot density, so no differences were observed in the production of vegetative biomass due to the shoot density. The increases of vegetative growth and biomass accumulation due to increased shoot density were higher in Sprawl, the not positioned training system, than in VSP, the positioned one. In 2013, with the increasing of the density of shoot, the amount of biomass produced by leaf area increased in both training systems. But in 2014, no significant differences were found. The increase of leaf area density caused by the increase of the shoot number was higher in VSP than Sprawl. With higher density of shoot, canopy have higher densities of leaf area and therefore less porous.
Internacional
Si
Nombre congreso
19th GIESCO Symposium 2015
Tipo de participación
960
Lugar del congreso
Montpelier
Revisores
Si
ISBN o ISSN
00000000
DOI
Fecha inicio congreso
30/05/2015
Fecha fin congreso
05/06/2015
Desde la página
445
Hasta la página
451
Título de las actas
Comptes Rendus / Proceedings Volume 1
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
Participantes
  • Autor: Emilio Peiro Gangoso (UPM)
  • Autor: José Luis Asenjo
  • Autor: Pedro Junquera
  • Autor: Jose Ramon Lissarrague Garcia-Gutierrez (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Grupo de Investigación en Viticultura
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Estudios e Investigación para la Gestión de Riesgos Agrarios Medioambientales (CEIGRAM). Centro Mixto UPM-AGROMUTUA-ENESA
  • Departamento: Producción Agraria
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