Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Thesis:
Contribute to the Study of Vertical Distribution of Conventional No-Till Seeders and Spatial Variability of Seed Depth Placement of Maize in Alentejo, Portugal
Year:2016
Research Areas
  • Agriculture,
  • Engineering
Information
Abstract
Among the various factors that contribute towards producing a successful maize crop, seeders vertical distribution evaluated through seed depth placement is a key determinant, especially under a no-tillage technique. At the same time in conservation agriculture systems due to the complexity of natural and agricultural ecosystems site specific management became an important approach to understand and manage the variability of soil properties and crop establishment, especially when using geo spatial information and affording readily technology Thus, the main objective of this Thesis was to evaluate the spatial variability of seed depth placement and crop establishment in maize crops under no-tillage conditions compared to different tillage systems, using conventional seed depth control no till seeders and precision farming technologies. Trials were carried out in the Mediterranean region of Alentejo, in private farms along the sowing operations season over the years 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2015 in 6 different experimental fields. Experimental work covered field tests with in loco soil and crop evaluations, fuel operation evaluations and aerial sensing. The results obtained indicate that not only tillage system affected seed depth placement but under no till conditions seed depth was affected by soil moisture content, soil resistance to penetration and seeders forward speed. In addition uneven crop seedling and establishment depended on seed depth placement and could be affected by physical problems of compaction layers. Significant reduction in fuel consumption was observed for no till operations although significant differences observed according to different setting calibrations of seed depth control. According to the results, precision agriculture is an important tool to evaluate crops under no till conditions and seed depth mechanisms should be more accurate by the operators or is determinant the adoption of new active depth control technology to improve seeders performance.
International
No
Type
Doctoral
Mark Rating
Sobresaliente
Date
04/02/2016
Participants
  • Autor: Luis Alcino Pinto Monteiro da Conceição (Universidad de Elvas)
  • Director: Constantino Valero Ubierna (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: LPF-TAGRALIA: Técnicas Avanzadas en Agroalimentación
  • Departamento: Ingeniería Agroforestal
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