Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Communications at congresses:
How is metapopulation resilience affected by longitudinal connectivity? A criterion for the restoration of river networks
Year:2015
Research Areas
  • Aquatic ecology
Information
Abstract
Climate change is rearranging the limits of geographic distributions of species. The populations inhabiting the latitudinal margins of a species' range are likely to be sensitive to climatic drivers. If these populations are extirpated, a latitudinal shift of the range is produced. When species are spatially structured into metapopulations, these will experiment a negative growth trajectory, and eventually become extirpated, when extinction rate (e) of local populations (demes) exceeds the rate of establishment of new colonies in available empty patches (mp). Dispersal among patches is a process of central significance for the recolonization rate (mp). Therefore, the loss of longitudinal connectivity in river networks is likely to enhance the latitudinal displacement of a species' range in its rear edge, by reducing that rate. Moreover, if climate drifts towards more meridional conditions, the thermal habitat of some species can become constrained, and the extinction rates of local populations increased. This might be the case of salmonid species in southern Europe. In this work the functioning of a salmonid metapopulation has been modeled by means of several coupled logistic population dynamics models with population viability thresholds. It has been parameterized for a very simple real metapopulation of introduced Salvelinus fontinalis in a glacier lakes system in the mountains of Central Spain. The resilience of the metapopulation has been expressed as a function of the connectivity among demes. Thus, the metapopulation resilience is proposed as a new criterion to assess the efficiency of the restoration of the longitudinal connectivity within a river network.
International
Si
Congress
REFORM International Conference on River and Stream Restoration ?Novel Approaches to Assess and Rehabilitate Modified Rivers?
970
Place
Wageningen, Países Bajos
Reviewers
Si
ISBN/ISSN
00-0000-000-0
Start Date
30/06/2015
End Date
02/07/2015
From page
86
To page
86
Proceedings of the International Conference on River and Stream Restoration ?Novel Approaches to Assess and Rehabilitate Modified Rivers?
Participants
  • Autor: Juan Roa
  • Autor: Carlos Alonso Gonzalez (UPM)
  • Autor: Diego M Garcia de Jalon Lastra (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Hidrobiología
  • Departamento: Sistemas y Recursos Naturales
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Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)