Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
Toxicity and sublethal effects of six insecticides to last instar larvae and adults of the biocontrol agents Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) and Adalia bipunctata (L.) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)
Year:2015
Research Areas
  • Entomology
Information
Abstract
To further develop Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies against crop pests, it is important to evaluate the effects of insecticides on biological control agents. Therefore, we tested the toxicity and sublethal effects (fecundity and fertility) of flonicamid, flubendiamide, metaflumizone, spirotetramat, sulfoxaflor and deltamethrin on the natural enemies Chrysoperla carnea and Adalia bipunctata. The side effects of the active ingredients of the insecticides were evaluated with residual contact tests for the larvae and adults of these predators in the laboratory. Flonicamid, flubendiamide, metaflumizone and spirotetramat were innocuous to last instar larvae and adults of C. carnea and A. bipunctata. Sulfoxaflor was slightly toxic to adults of C. carnea and was highly toxic to the L4 larvae of A. bipunctata. For A. bipunctata, sulfoxaflor and deltamethrin were the most damaging compounds with a cumulative larval mortality of 100%. Deltamethrin was also the most toxic compound to larvae and adults of C. carnea. In accordance with the results obtained, the compounds flonicamid, flubendiamide, metaflumizone and spirotetramat might be incorporated into IPM programs in combination with these natural enemies for the control of particular greenhouse pests. Nevertheless, the use of sulfoxaflor and deltamethrin in IPM strategies should be taken into consideration when releasing either of these biological control agents, due to the toxic behavior observed under laboratory conditions. The need for developing sustainable approaches to combine the use of these insecticides and natural enemies within an IPM framework is discussed.
International
Si
JCR
Si
Title
Chemosphere
ISBN
0045-6535
Impact factor JCR
3,34
Impact info
Volume
132
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.03.01
Journal number
From page
87
To page
93
Month
SIN MES
Ranking
Participants
  • Autor: Agustin Garzon Hidalgo (UPM)
  • Autor: Maria Pilar Medina Velez (UPM)
  • Autor: Fermín Amor
  • Autor: Elisa Viñuela Sandoval (UPM)
  • Autor: Maria Flor Budia Marigil (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Manejo Integrado de Plagas
  • Departamento: Producción Agraria
S2i 2020 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
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