Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Research Project:
PROCESAMIENTO SOSTENIBLE DE NANOARQUITECTURAS COMPLEJAS BASADAS EN ÓXIDOS
Year:2015
Research Areas
  • Physics chemical and mathematical
Information
Abstract
The past two decades have seen impressive progress in the way we can shape, position and organize matter at the nanometer scale. For example, with recent advances in deposition techniques, artificial multifunctional devices involving oxide-based arrays and nanostructures are now fabricated worldwide, continuously improving the quality of our daily lives. However this incessant updating is supported on manufacturing processes entailing a severe consumption of energy: at present advanced materials displaying multiple functions can only be produced by means of sophisticated high-energy consuming technologies that unavoidably exert a harmful contribution to the global climates on earth. In this frame, the present project addresses the critical challenge of developing new technologies and/or innovative production processes with the potential to dramatically improve the way we use energy for manufacturing. The key concept to successfully attain this goal is that by precisely controlling the internal structures of the target materials at the mesoscopic, nanoscopic and molecular levels, the thermodynamic and kinetic features involved in the corresponding synthesis, deposition and/or assembly processes can be modulated under soft conditions, with no need for intricate or energy-consuming techniques. Necessarily this represents a tailored bottom-up approach to manipulate materials, and actually it involve different competences which will be explored in this project for directing the sustainable assembly of both single phase nanostructures and nanoheterostructured composites of different metal-oxide systems. On one hand, using concepts similar to those developed in supramolecular chemistry, molecular forces will be tailored and used to create ordered assemblies; the shape and the surface properties of particles and colloids will be chemically controlled by introducing selective solvents, ligands, surfactants and/or catalyst additives, and hence directional interactions can be promoted to provide a tendency toward localized structuring. On the other hand, interfaces with specific physical properties will be conceived to maximize their interactions with external directing fields: placed by design, electric, magnetic and flow fields can further govern the interactions at the nanometer scale, especially when combined with surface modification processes of particles and /or colloids. Eventually well defined multifunctional nanoarchitectures will be manufactured with no need for high-energy resources, this certainly contributing to drive climate change solutions.
International
No
Project type
Proyectos y convenios en convocatorias públicas competitivas
Company
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad
Entity Nationality
ESPAÑA
Entity size
Desconocido
Granting date
Participants
  • Director: Marco Peiteado Lopez (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Materiales y Dispositivos Avanzados para Tecnologías de Información y Comunicaciones
  • Departamento: Electrónica Física
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