Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Book chapters:
Institutional and legal framework for drought management
Year:2007
Research Areas
  • Agricultural policy,
  • Applied economics
Information
Abstract
This work analyses the organizations and institutions involved in drought preparedness and mitigation and/or on water management, with special emphasis in agriculture and irrigation water supply. The Chapter includes a description of the current drought management plans and the explicit linkages and hierarchical relations among the institutions involved. The importance of identifying such relations among institutions lies on the need to design coherent drought management plans that mitigate the effects of such hazard on agriculture, water supply systems and economy. This Chapter provides a common methodology for analysing the organizations and institutions relevant to water scarcity and drought management. The common methodology is adequate to provide information that will contribute to compare among and across countries and to promote the cooperation with the existing institutions, organizations, networks, and other stakeholders in the Mediterranean. The methodology proposed and described in this Chapter is supported by previous leading experiences synthesised by Wilhite et al. (2000), Rossi et al. (2003) and Vogt et al. (2000). Although the objectives of the Guidelines are not directly focused on the institutional Analysis per se, it is important to understand the conceptual bases, to identify the organisations and institutions and to map them to ensure the relevance of subsequent drought management analysis. The approach is intended to cover the following areas: (i) Explicit description of institutions and organizations with competence in water policy and administration, planning, decision making, operation of water supply systems and in drought preparedness, and emergency action with particular emphasis in municipal and irrigation water supply. (ii) Explicit description of the linkages and hierarchical relations among the organizations and institutions. (iii) Information on existing drought preparedness and management plans. (iv) Documentation of the institutional experience on the application of the existing drought preparedness and management plans. (v) Description of the data collection system in each country, specifying the institutions responsible, the type of reporting and accessibility, and the primary uses of the data. The analysis aims to provide insights to the following key questions: (i) Do the set of organisations and institutions interact within a formal or an informal network? (ii) Are there networks to provide communication and hierarchical flows of command? (iii) Are the stakeholders included in the network? Options Méditerranéennes, Series B, No. 58 35 (iv) What is the degree of influence and dependence of the stakeholders¿ decisions on the institutions¿ core themes? The Chapter takes into account drought and water scarcity. The underlying rationale of this separation is based on two facts. First, artificial and natural reservoirs eliminate, alleviate and delay the effects of abnormally low precipitation and run-offs. Second, the conditions and the processes of drought (meteorological) evolve along temporal and spatial scales with little bearing on the processes that characterize water scarcity (hydrological droughts) situations. Resulting from this desegregation,the Chapter analyzes two institutional mappings pertaining to drought and water scarcity contexts. The analysis includes the stakeholders that ultimately benefit from drought preparedness and management (primary stakeholders) and the stakeholders that are intermediary in delivering aid to the first group (secondary stakeholders) and describes the participation of the stakeholders in the processes. The Chapter attempts to provide a dynamic analysis of the institutional frameworks of different Mediterranean countries with regards to drought risks and planning.
International
No
Book Edition
58
Book Publishing
Medroplan, CIHEAM, MEDA Water, Zaragoza, España
ISBN
2853523594
Series
0
Book title
Drought Management Guidelines. Technical Annes: Option Méditerranéennes, Etudes et Recherches, Serie B
From page
373
To page
406
Participants
  • autor: Ana Iglesias (UPM - Departamento de Economía y Ciencias Sociales Agrarias)
  • autor: Marta Moneo (UPM - Departamento de Economía y Ciencias Sociales Agrarias)
  • Autor: Alberto Garrido Colmenero (UPM)
  • autor: S. Quiroga
  • autor: B. Bonaccorso
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Economía Agraria y Gestión de los Recursos Naturales
  • Departamento: Economía y Ciencias Sociales Agrarias
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