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A comprehensive methodology for the analysis of highway sight distance
Áreas de investigación
  • Carreteras
As one of the main elements of geometric design, sight distance must be considered carefully for the safe and efficient operation of highways. An application developed on geographic information systems (GIS) was con-ceived for the three-dimensional estimation of sight distance on highways, as opposed to conventional two-dimensional techniques, which may underestimate or overestimate the actual visibility conditions. It is capable of computing the available sight distance of a highway section given the driver?s eye height, the target height, the vehicle path and an elevation model. The outcome can be studied in detail with the aid of the tools and capabilities developed, including sight-distance graphs. The influence of the input features, such as the nature of the elevation model, its resolution and the spacing between path stations on the results accuracy was ana-lyzed. The interpretation of results is also essential to explain sight distance deficiencies and provide insight into the effect of roadside elements on those results. In addition, the sight-distance graph permits the detec-tion and characterization of sight-hidden dips, an undesirable shortcoming in the spatial alignment of high-ways. The versatility of GIS enables, moreover, an integrated research of highway safety. It allows the incor-poration of diverse operational factors such as accident data, traffic volume, operating speed and design con-sistency to detect and diagnose potentially hazardous spots or, eventually, identify the factors involved in a particular accident. This paper describes the methodology utilized and reviews the main issues through case study examples.
Nombre congreso
International Congress on Trasport Infrastructure and Systems
Tipo de participación
Lugar del congreso
Roma, Italia
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Título de las actas
Proceedingss of the AIIT International Congress on Transport Infrastructure and Systems (TIS 2017)
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
  • Autor: Maria Castro Malpica (UPM)
  • Autor: Cesar de Santos Berbel (UPM)
  • Autor: Luis Iglesias Martinez (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Acústica Arquitectónica
  • Grupo de Investigación: Ingeniería de Carreteras I+D (ICID)
  • Departamento: Ingeniería Civil: Transporte y Territorio
  • Departamento: Ingeniería Geológica y Minera
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