Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Communications at congresses:
Compatibility of Amblyseius swirskii (Athias-Henriot) with plant strengtheners: legal aspects and comparison with other plant protection products
Year:2016
Research Areas
  • Entomology
Information
Abstract
The two main pests that threaten the production in horticultural crops in Almeria (South-Eastern Spain), which is the most important vegetable crop area in the country, are the tobacco whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) and the western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Amblyseius swirskii (Athias-Henriot) (Acari: Phytoseiidae), a generalist predatory mite, is a key biological control agent of whiteflies and helps in diminishing thrips populations together with Orius laevigatus (Fieber) (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae). Plant strengtheners are modern agricultural products that boost the plant resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. Their legal situation is not clear in Spain. Initially they were considered as fertilizers, afterwards as other means of phytosanitary defence, commercialized just by inscription and notification to the Ministry of Agriculture, and more recently as plant protection products. Besides, there is a lack of ecotoxicological scientific research about them. In this study, we have evaluated the lethal and sublethal effects of four products and some of their combinations that are or have been commercialized under the denomination of plant strengtheners in Spain. Females of A.swirskii were exposed to fresh residues when the products were applied to pepper (Capsicum annuum L. (Solanaceae)) leaf surface according to the IOBC standards for extended laboratory. IOBC toxicity ratings were obtained following different approaches and the advantages and disadvantages are taken into consideration. Finally, the toxicity of these plant strengtheners was compared in relation to other plant protection products that are currently registered in Spain and their legal situation discussed.
International
Si
Congress
IOBC/WPRS Working Group "Pesticides and Beneficial Organisms"
960
Place
Chania, Grecia
Reviewers
Si
ISBN/ISSN
000-0-00-000000-0
Start Date
11/10/2016
End Date
13/10/2016
From page
16
To page
16
0
Participants
  • Autor: Ana Moreno De la Fuente (UPM)
  • Autor: M. del Mar Fernandez Gallego (UPM)
  • Autor: Elisa Viñuela Sandoval (UPM)
  • Autor: Maria Pilar Medina Velez (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Manejo Integrado de Plagas
  • Departamento: Producción Agraria
S2i 2020 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)