Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Communications at congresses:
Agricultural activity shapes the communication and migration patterns in Senegal
Year:2016
Research Areas
  • Physics chemical and mathematical
Information
Abstract
The communication and migration patterns of a country are shaped by its socioeconomic processes. The economy of Senegal is predominantly rural, as agriculture employs over 70% of the labor force. We have used a combination of mobile phone records and satellite images to explore the impact of agricultural activity on the communication and mobility patterns of the inhabitants of Senegal. By means of the construction and analysis of time series and complex networks, we have found two peaks of phone calls activity emerging during the growing season. Moreover, during the harvest period, we detect an increase in the migration flows throughout the country. Another factor that shapes the communication and mobility patterns are traditional religious festivities, which are often held in a particular city. This implies the temporal migration of large masses of people, leaving a detectable trace recorded in the data that we explore with the aid of evolving temporal networks. Hence, in the light of our results, agricultural activity and religious holidays are the primary drivers of mobility inside the country.
International
Si
Congress
Conference on Complex Systems 2016 (CCS 2016) [http://www.ccs2016.org]
960
Place
Amsterdam (The Netherlands)
Reviewers
Si
ISBN/ISSN
CDP08UPM
Start Date
19/09/2016
End Date
21/09/2016
From page
1
To page
1
Conference on Complex Systems 2016. Programme [https://schedule.ccs2016.org/pages/Session101345-1530on22ndSep2016.html#abstract551]
Participants
  • Autor: Samuel Martin Gutierrez (UPM)
  • Autor: Francisco Javier Borondo Benito (UPM)
  • Autor: Alfredo Morales Guzmán (UPM)
  • Autor: Juan Carlos Losada Gonzalez (UPM)
  • Autor: Ana Maria Tarquis Alfonso (UPM)
  • Autor: Rosa Maria Benito Zafrilla (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Grupo de Sistemas Complejos
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Estudios e Investigación para la Gestión de Riesgos Agrarios Medioambientales (CEIGRAM). Centro Mixto UPM-AGROMUTUA-ENESA
  • Departamento: Ingeniería Agroforestal
S2i 2019 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)