Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Book chapters:
Gender, climate change and energy access in developing countries: state of the art
Year:2017
Research Areas
  • Engineering
Information
Abstract
Nowadays 1.4 billion people (20% of the global population) lack access to electricity and 2.7 billion people (40% of the global population) rely on biomass for cooking. In case these populations have access to electricity and modern cooking systems a great impact on global greenhouse gas emissions will be produced. The associated effect on climate change will depend on energy sources used. Moreover, if gender issues are well considered, this access can support women?s development, as household energy managers. The relationship between gender issues, climate change and energy access is a problem of huge dimensions, even if we just focus on any of the dyads. There are several approaches to analyse these relationships varying between developed and developing countries. When focus is on developing countries, knowledge about linkages between gender, climate change and energy access are limited. This is because the work on gender and climate change has been focused on the specific vulnerability of women to the impacts of climate change. Because of that, related work is mainly on adaptation, where the relationship with energy access is not so clear. Therefore, this chapter contains an extensive literature review about these linkages. First of all, the linkages between energy access and climate change are clear, but if we look at them through a gender lens there is not much information, and this information is mainly disaggregated by topic. Main linkages are: -. If we compare gender dimensions of climate change and of energy access, we can see that most of them are the same or very similar. -. Energy consumption is not the same for men and women resulting in different emission patterns that are affected by gender roles and differentiated access to resources. This is important for mitigation actions. -. The availability of traditional fuel sources is affected by climate change and energy becomes more commoditised, scarce and expensive. Because of that, it is essential that gender dimensions are taken into account in policymaking on energy provision and on adaptation to climate change to avoid the feminisation of poverty and further exacerbation of gender inequalities. -. On access to electricity, there is a risk that the higher costs of renewable energy investments are passed on to consumers, with resulting gender-specific impacts. Finally, the necessity of further research is identified and justified. There is a great gap in understanding the relationship between gender, climate change and access to energy at all scales: from the international level where many decisions are taken, to local areas where specific projects are implemented and where information is a key issue. Apart from that, other research gaps are: -. Wider scientific evidence on specific vulnerabilities of women and differentiated gendered impacts of climate change is needed. -. The specific vulnerability of women to climate change impacts as the main reason for the work on gender and adaptation has hidden some important questions: what are the gender inequalities under this vulnerability? How can men and women work together even with different roles, preferences, needs, knowledge and capacities? -. The potential of women through mitigation is often under-estimated. -. It is needed to determine the differences in the emissions characteristics (amount and patterns) between men and women. -. The knowledge about the nexus between mitigation and adaptation is very low, but if we look at it with gender lens, the knowledge practically doesn¿t exist. -. The impacts of climate change on energy access have to be addressed to determine the best adaptation strategies in each case. -. To analyze how climate change projects, related or not to energy access, affects women at local levels, but also at national levels, gendered indicators must be developed.
International
Si
Book Edition
Book Publishing
Routledge
ISBN
978-1-315-66160-5
Series
Routledge Studies in Hazards, Disaster Risk and Climate Change (Buckingham) Buckingham, Susan. Understanding Climate Change through Gender Relations
Book title
Understanding Climate Change through Gender Relations
From page
123
To page
142
Participants
  • Autor: Javier Mazorra Aguiar (UPM)
  • Autor: Julio Lumbreras Martin (UPM)
  • Autor: Luz Fernández (BID)
  • Autor: Candela De la Sota Sandez (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Tecnologías Ambientales y Recursos Industriales
  • Grupo de Investigación: Organizaciones Sostenibles
  • Departamento: Ingeniería Química Industrial y del Medio Ambiente
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Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
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