Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
Intercomparison of methods to estimate black carbon emissions from cookstoves
Year:2017
Research Areas
  • Engineering
Information
Abstract
Black carbon is the second largest contributor to climate change and also poses risks to human health. Despite the need for black carbon (BC) emissions estimates from residential biomass burning for cooking, quantitative data are still scarce. This scarcity is mainly due to the scattered location of the stoves, as well as relatively costly and complex analytical methods available. Two low cost and easy-to-use optical methods, a cell-phone based system and smoke stain reflectometry, where compared to elemental carbon (EC) concentrations by the Sunset OCEC Analyzer (TOT). The three techniques were challenged with different aerosol types (urban and biomass cookstoves), and different filter substrates (quartz and glass fibre). A good agreement was observed between the two low cost techniques and the reference system for the aerosol types and concentrations assessed, although the relationship was statistically different for each type of aerosol. The quantification of correction factors with respect to the reference method for the specific conditions under study is essential with either of the low-cost techniques. BC measurements from the cell-phone system and the reflectometer were moderately affected by the filter substrate. The easy use of the cell-phone based system may allow engaging cookstove users in the data collection process, increasing the amount and frequency of data collection which may, otherwise, not be feasible in resourced constrained locations. This would help to raise public awareness about environmental and health issues related to cookstoves.
International
Si
JCR
Si
Title
Science of the Total Environment
ISBN
0048-9697
Impact factor JCR
3,976
Impact info
Datos JCR del año 2015
Volume
595
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.03.247
Journal number
From page
886
To page
893
Month
SIN MES
Ranking
Participants
  • Autor: Candela De la Sota Sandez (UPM)
  • Autor: M. Kane (CERER UCAD)
  • Autor: Javier Mazorra Aguiar (UPM)
  • Autor: Julio Lumbreras Martin (UPM)
  • Autor: Issakha Youm (CERER UCAD)
  • Autor: Mar Viana (IDAEA-CSIC)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Organizaciones Sostenibles
  • Departamento: Ingeniería Química Industrial y del Medio Ambiente
S2i 2020 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)