Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
Impact of RAV1-engineering on poplar biomass production: a short-rotation coppice field trial
Year:2017
Research Areas
  • Plants and animal biology and ecology,
  • Plant development,
  • Plant growth
Information
Abstract
Background: Early branching or syllepsis has been positively correlated with high biomass yields in short-rotation coppice (SRC) poplar plantations, which could represent an important lignocellulosic feedstock for the production of second-generation bioenergy. In prior work, we generated hybrid poplars overexpressing the chestnut gene RELATED TO ABI3/VP1 1 (CsRAV1), which featured c. 80% more sylleptic branches than non-modified trees in growth chambers. Given the high plasticity of syllepsis, we established a field trial to monitor the performance of these trees under outdoor conditions and a SRC management. Results: We examined two CsRAV1-overexpression poplar events for their ability to maintain syllepsis and their potential to enhance biomass production. Two poplar events with reduced expression of the CsRAV1 homologous poplar genes PtaRAV1 and PtaRAV2 were also included in the trial. Under our culture conditions, CsRAV1-overexpression poplars continued developing syllepsis over two cultivation cycles. Biomass production increased on completion of the first cycle for one of the overexpression events, showing unaltered structural, chemical, or combustion wood properties. On completion of the second cycle, aerial growth and biomass yields of both overexpression events were reduced as compared to the control. Conclusions: These findings support the potential application of CsRAV1-overexpression to increase syllepsis in commercial elite trees without changing their wood quality. However, the syllepsis triggered by the introduction of this genetic modification appeared not to be sufficient to sustain and enhance biomass production.
International
Si
JCR
Si
Title
Biotechnology For Biofuels
ISBN
1754-6834
Impact factor JCR
6,444
Impact info
Datos JCR del año 2015
Volume
10
10.1186/s13068-017-0795-z
Journal number
From page
110
To page
122
Month
SIN MES
Ranking
Participants
  • Autor: Alicia Moreno Cortes (UPM)
  • Autor: Jose Manuel Ramos Sanchez (UPM)
  • Autor: Tamara Hernandez Verdeja (UPM)
  • Autor: Pablo Gonzalez-Melendi De Leon (UPM)
  • Autor: Ana Alves (Centro de Estudos Florestais, Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Universidade de Lisboa, Tapada da Ajuda, 1349¿017 Lisboa, Portugal)
  • Autor: Rita Simoes (Centro de Estudos Florestais, Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Universidade de Lisboa, Tapada da Ajuda, 1349¿017 Lisboa, Portugal)
  • Autor: José Carlos Rodrigues (Centro de Estudos Florestais, Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Universidade de Lisboa, Tapada da Ajuda, 1349¿017 Lisboa, Portugal)
  • Autor: Mercedes Guijarro (Centro de Investigación Forestal, Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Carretera de la Coruña km 7.5, 28040 Madrid, Spain)
  • Autor: Isabel Canellas (Centro de Investigación Forestal, Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Carretera de la Coruña km 7.5, 28040 Madrid, Spain)
  • Autor: Hortensia Sixto (Centro de Investigación Forestal, Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Carretera de la Coruña km 7.5, 28040 Madrid, Spain)
  • Autor: Isabel Marta Allona Alberich (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Interacciones moleculares planta-insecto.
  • Grupo de Investigación: Biotecnología Vegetal
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas, CBGP
  • Departamento: Biotecnología - Biología Vegetal
S2i 2020 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)