Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
Aphid orientation and performance in glasshouses under different UV-A/UV-B radiation regimes
Year:2017
Research Areas
  • Entomology
Information
Abstract
Visual cues leading to host selection and landing are of major importance for aphids and evidence suggests that flight activity is very dependent on ultraviolet (UV)-A radiation in the environment. At the same time research on insect plant hosts suggest that the UV-B component can deter some pests via changes in secondary metabolite chemistry. Here, we examine the potential of UV (UV-A/UV-B) radiation to control insect pests in the glasshouse environment.We first examined artificial exposure to UV-B and the potential to trigger morphological and biochemical modifications in pepper (Capsicum annuum L., Solanaceae) with implications for the fitness of green peach aphid, Myzus persicae Sulzer (Hemiptera: Aphididae). UV-B caused accumulation of leaf secondary metabolites and soluble carbohydrates, and stimulated photosynthetic pigments. However, UV-B did not impact on foliar protein content and aphid performance was unaffected. Next, we studied how altering the UVA/ UV-B ratio environment affected aphid orientation and spatial distribution over time, either directly or by exposing plants to supplemental UV before insect introduction. Aphids directly settled and dispersed on their host pepper plants more readily in the presence of supplemental UV-A and UV-B. In the control treatment with ambient glasshouse UV-A and UV-B, insects remained more aggregated. Furthermore, insects were less attracted to peppers pre-exposed to supplemental UV-A and UV-B radiation. Our results suggest that suppression of UV-A and UV-B inside the protected environment reduces aphid colonization and dispersal. Furthermore, application of moderate exposure of young pepper plants to supplemental UV-B radiation could aid in protection from the colonization by phytophagous insects.
International
Si
JCR
Si
Title
Entomologia Experimentalis Et Applicata
ISBN
0013-8703
Impact factor JCR
1,162
Impact info
Volume
163
Journal number
From page
344
To page
353
Month
SIN MES
Ranking
Participants
  • Autor: Beatriz Dader Alonso (UPM)
  • Autor: Aránzazu Moreno (ICA)
  • Autor: Dylan Gwynn-Jones (Aberystwyth University)
  • Autor: Ana Winters (Aberystwyth University)
  • Autor: Alberto Fereres (ICA)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Manejo Integrado de Plagas
  • Departamento: Producción Agraria
S2i 2020 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)