Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Artículos en revistas:
Changes in litter chemistry associated with global change-driven forest succession resulted in time-decoupled responses of soil carbon and nitrogen cycles
Año:2018
Áreas de investigación
  • Ciencias de la tierra,
  • Ciencia del suelo,
  • Análisis del suelo,
  • Química del suelo,
  • Tipo de suelo,
  • Medio natural,
  • Clima,
  • Monte,
  • Ingenierías
Datos
Descripción
Global change-driven forest succession may modify key soil processes with potentially important impacts over carbon (C) and nutrient cycling. We studied how changes in litter throughout the replacement of Pinus sylvestris by Quercus pyrenaica influence the structure and functioning of soil microbial communities and the capacity of soils to sequester C and retain nitrogen (N). We designed a microcosm experiment to simulate the chronological sequence from pine to oak forest conversion in Central Spain, using mixtures of senescent litter (oak leaves, pine needles and an equal mixture of needles:leaves) and soils (from pure oak, mixed and pure pine stands). We investigated changing patterns of soil C and N contents, microbial community structure (PLFA) and greenhouse gas fluxes (CO2, CH4, N2O) across the chronosequence. The succession from pine to oak forest was associated with substantial changes in microbial community structure and functioning. Soil-C sink capacity was reduced, although soil-N availability was enhanced. We further show how effects of secondary succession on the C cycle were mismatched with N dynamics in response to two chronologically decoupled facts. First, there was an acceleration in soil organic matter (SOM) turnover after microbial ?especially bacterial? growth ceased to be so intensely inhibited by needle litter (ecotone soils), resulting in lower fungal to bacterial ratios; and second, N mineralization was stimulated once pine-derived SOM was no longer present in soils (pure oak forest soils), resulting in further acceleration of SOM turnover, suppression of CH4consumption and an increase in gram-negative bacteria. Our findings suggest that different sensitivities of key mechanisms (SOM decomposition, N mineralization, CH4consumption) to factors associated with succession (e.g. recalcitrance of pine SOM and allelopathic effects over bacteria) could have significant impacts on soil microbial ecology, C and nutrient cycling.
Internacional
Si
JCR del ISI
No
Título de la revista
Soil Biology and Biochemistry
ISSN
00380717
Factor de impacto JCR
4,857
Información de impacto
Volumen
120
DOI
10.1016/j.soilbio.2018.02.013
Número de revista
Desde la página
200
Hasta la página
211
Mes
SIN MES
Ranking
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
Participantes
  • Autor: Maria Jose Fernandez Alonso (UPM)
  • Autor: Agustin Rubio Sanchez (UPM)
  • Autor: Carlos Ortiz Oñate (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Departamento: Sistemas y Recursos Naturales
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