Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
Drought modifies tree competitiveness in an oak-beech temperate forest
Year:2018
Research Areas
  • Natural environment,
  • Forest,
  • Ecology
Information
Abstract
Over recent decades, forest management in Europe has increasingly moved towards the emulation of natural dynamics. Natural dynamics in beech-oak forests leads to the formation of monospecific beech stands, the oak usually being excluded or restricted to sites with poor growing conditions. However, beech is more vulnerable than oak to drought and high temperatures. In this study, we examine whether climate change could attenuate the dominance of beech and improve the competitive capacity of oak in an old-growth temperate forest located in the ?Picos de Europa? National Park, northern Spain. We used a dendroecological approach to reconstruct the competitive capacity of beech and oak and developed a projection for the 21st century based on forecasted climate conditions under three different emission scenarios. Beech is the dominant tree species in the studied forest, where the disturbance regime has favored the replacement of oak by beech. In general oaks are older than beeches and most of the small trees are beeches. Our results show that this substitution process may weaken due to the vulnerability of beech to warmer and drier conditions. Climate change will benefit oak growth over beech over the course of the 21st century, as was observed in the late 20th century. However, the natural gap dynamic benefits beech due to its greater shade-tolerance. Therefore, if the resilience of the ecosystem is to be increased, management strategies favoring oak regeneration are necessary given the better adaptation of oak to climate change.
International
Si
JCR
Si
Title
Forest Ecology And Management
ISBN
0378-1127
Impact factor JCR
3,064
Impact info
Datos JCR del año 2016
Volume
429
10.1016/j.foreco.2018.06.035
Journal number
From page
7
To page
17
Month
DICIEMBRE
Ranking
Participants
  • Autor: Alvaro Rubio Cuadrado (UPM)
  • Autor: Jesús Julio Camarero (Instituto Pirenaico de Ecología (IPE -CSIC))
  • Autor: Miren del Río (INIA, Forest Research Centre, Department of Silviculture and Forest Management)
  • : Mariola Sánchez González (INIA, Forest Research Centre, Department of Silviculture and Forest Management)
  • : Ricardo Ruiz-Peinado (INIA, Forest Research Centre, Department of Silviculture and Forest Management)
  • Autor: Andrés Bravo-Oviedo (INIA, Forest Research Centre, Department of Silviculture and Forest Management)
  • Autor: Luis Alfonso Gil Sanchez (UPM)
  • Autor: Fernando Montes Pita (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Sistemas Naturales e Historia Forestal
  • Departamento: Sistemas y Recursos Naturales
S2i 2020 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)