Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
Analytical and simplified models for dynamic analysis of short skew bridges under moving loads
Year:2018
Research Areas
  • Bridges
Information
Abstract
Skew bridges induce inherently coupled bending and torsion response. The actual relevance of this coupling for the dynamic response under moving loads such as those arising in high-speed railways is not well known, introducing uncertainties unless costly three-dimensional dynamic models are used. In this work, models are developed based on beam theory and analytical extraction of vibration modes, which are both simple and fast. First, a general three-dimensional beam model is derived, involving both bending and torsional modes. In the following, a simplified beam model is proposed involving only bending modes. In both cases, the eigenfrequencies, eigenmodes and orthogonality relationships are determined analytically from the boundary conditions, and the dynamic response is obtained numerically in the time domain. Both models are validated through representative realistic examples by comparing with two types of finite element models: a stick model with three-dimensional beams and a full three-dimensional model with shell elements. Finally, parametric studies are performed with the simplified beam model for identifying parameters that influence the dynamic response under traffic loads. The results show that the degree of skewness has an important influence on the vertical displacement, but hardly on the vertical acceleration of the bridge. The torsional stiffness has a significant effect on the vertical displacement when the skew angle is large. Finally, the span length reduces the skewness effect on the dynamic behaviour of the bridge.
International
Si
JCR
Si
Title
Advances in Structural Engineering
ISBN
1369-4332
Impact factor JCR
0,968
Impact info
Volume
Journal number
From page
1
To page
13
Month
FEBRERO
Ranking
Participants
  • Autor: Gia Khanh Nguyen (UPM)
  • Autor: Carlos Velarde
  • Autor: Jose Maria Goicolea Ruigomez (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Grupo de Mecánica Computacional
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: CENTRO INVEST. MATERIALES ESTRUCTURALES (CIME)
  • Departamento: Aeronaves y Vehículos Espaciales
  • Departamento: Mecánica de Medios Continuos y Teoría de Estructuras
S2i 2021 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)