Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
Neuromechanical Modelling of Articulatory Movements from Surface Electromyography and Speech Formants
Year:2018
Research Areas
  • Bioinstrumentation
Information
Abstract
Speech articulation is produced by the movements of muscles in the larynx, pharynx, mouth and face. Therefore speech shows acoustic features as formants which are directly related with neuromotor actions of these muscles. The first two formants are strongly related with jaw and tongue muscular activity. Speech can be used as a simple and ubiquitous signal, easy to record and process, either locally or on e-Health platforms. This fact may open a wide set of applications in the study of functional grading and monitoring neurodegenerative diseases. A relevant question, in this sense, is how far speech correlates and neuromotor actions are related. This preliminary study is intended to find answers to this question by using surface electromyographic recordings on the masseter and the acoustic kinematics related with the first formant. It is shown in the study that relevant correlations can be found among the surface electromyographic activity (dynamic muscle behavior) and the positions and first derivatives of the first formant (kinematic variables related to vertical velocity and acceleration of the joint jaw and tongue biomechanical system). As an application example, it is shown that the probability density function associated to these kinematic variables is more sensitive than classical features as Vowel Space Area (VSA) or Formant Centralization Ratio (FCR) in characterizing neuromotor degeneration in Parkinson?s Disease.
International
Si
JCR
Si
Title
International Journal of Neural Systems
ISBN
0129-0657
Impact factor JCR
4,58
Impact info
Volume
10.1142/S0129065718500399
Journal number
From page
1
To page
17
Month
SIN MES
Ranking
Q1 13/132
Participants
  • Autor: Pedro Gomez Vilda (UPM)
  • Autor: Andres Gomez Rodellar (UPM)
  • Autor: José Manuel Ferrández (Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena)
  • Autor: Jiri Mekyska (Technical University of Brno)
  • Autor: Daniel Palacios (Universidad Rey Juan Carlos)
  • Autor: M. Victoria Rodellar Biarge (UPM)
  • Autor: Agustin Alvarez Marquina (UPM)
  • Autor: Zdenek Smekal (Technical University of Brno)
  • Autor: Ilona Eliasova (St. Anne's University Hospital Brno)
  • Autor: Milena Kostalova (St. Anne's University Hospital Brno)
  • Autor: Irena Rektorova (St. Anne's University Hospital Brno)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Informática Aplicada al Procesado de Señal e Imagen
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro de tecnología Biomédica CTB
  • Grupo de Investigación: Investigación en Instrumentación y Acústica Aplicada (I2A2)
  • Departamento: Arquitectura y Tecnología de Sistemas Informáticos
S2i 2020 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)