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Memorias de investigación
Conferences:
Disentangling the relationship between plant virus within-host fitness and seed transmission rate
Year:2018
Research Areas
  • Virology
Information
Abstract
Over 30% of plant viruses are seed transmitted. However, the genetic determinants of seed transmission are poorly understood. Viruses reach the seed by: (i) infection of ovules or pollen, and (ii) embryo invasion before the programmed cell death of the embryonic suspensor. Hence, for seed transmission to occur the virus must reach plant reproductive organs before gametogenesis and/or while embryonic suspensor is still functional. Thus, virus genetic determinants of seed transmission would control virus multiplication and movement. We have analyzed whether the level of virus multiplication and the speed of within-host invasion determine seed transmission rate, using Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) and its natural host Arabidopsis thaliana. We conducted a time course infection experiment, in which six arabidopsis accessions were challenged against CMV genotypes with high/low seed transmission rates. The level of virus multiplication in plant growth and reproductive structures was monitored every two days along the plant lifespan, and seed transmission rate was estimated. In parallel, we compared the genomic sequences of the utilized CMV genotypes. Results indicated that higher CMV multiplication leads to higher seed transmission, and that adaptation to this mode of transmission is linked to mutations in the 3¿ UTR of the viral genome.
International
Si
000-00-0000-000-0
Entity
Entity Nationality
FRANCIA
Place
Montpelier
Participants
  • Autor: Jesus Israel Pagan Muñoz (UPM)
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Patología Vegetal
S2i 2020 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)