Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Artículos en revistas:
Delayed weakening and reactivation of rate-and-state faults driven by pressure changes due to fluid injection
Año:2019
Áreas de investigación
  • Ingenieria civil
Datos
Descripción
Fault reactivation induced by pore pressure changes involves complex frictional phenomena because effective normal stresses vary in space and time due to fluid flow and rock deformation. The impact of time?varying normal stresses on fault friction has been characterized in stress?step laboratory experiments and modeled through extended rate?and?state laws that incorporate a stressing?rate dependence of the state variable. Building on these rate?and?state models, we use 2?D poroelastic simulations to understand how the evolution of pore pressures due to fluid injection affects fault strength and reactivation. A sharp increase in pore pressure, associated with fluid injection, leads to an increase in friction coefficient and to a delayed weakening of the fault. Conversely, a sharp pressure decrease during extraction leads to a delayed strengthening. Stressing?rate effects emerge as a purely frictional mechanism that delays or accelerates the onset of fault slip, suggesting that reactivation under fluid injection may occur long after flow rates have decreased and pore pressures have stabilized at the fault. Hence, earthquakes induced by injection may ensue as a deferred process triggered several days later than predicted by simple estimates based on constant friction. The duration of the delay depends on the type of rate?and?state law used in calculations and on a characteristic relaxation time: The memory time over which the state variable evolves under stationary contact. Our results help understand the connection between injection protocols and frictional weakening mechanisms, suggesting that injection processes can be engineered to minimize the risk of induced seismicity for a given injected volume.
Internacional
Si
JCR del ISI
Si
Título de la revista
Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth
ISSN
2169-9313
Factor de impacto JCR
3,638
Información de impacto
Volumen
124
DOI
10.1029/2019JB018109
Número de revista
11
Desde la página
11917
Hasta la página
11937
Mes
NOVIEMBRE
Ranking
Esta actividad pertenece a memorias de investigación
Participantes
  • Autor: Sandro Andres Martinez (UPM)
  • Autor: David Santillan Sanchez (UPM)
  • Autor: Juan Carlos Mosquera Feijoo (UPM)
  • Autor: Luis Cueto Felgueroso Landeira (UPM)
Grupos de investigación, Departamentos, Centros e Institutos de I+D+i relacionados
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Grupo de Ingeniería Estructural
  • Grupo de Investigación: Hidroinformática y Gestión del Agua
  • Departamento: Ingeniería Civil: Hidráulica, Energía y Medio Ambiente
  • Departamento: Mecánica de Medios Continuos y Teoría de Estructuras
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: CENTRO INVEST. MATERIALES ESTRUCTURALES (CIME)
S2i 2021 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)