Observatorio de I+D+i UPM

Memorias de investigación
Research Publications in journals:
Properties of MIG brazed joints of thin sheet.
Research Areas
  • Mechanical engineering
For several years, automotive industry is seeking for new processes to replace MIG welding in joining thin zinc coated plates. In the last ten years, special attention was paid to the MIG Brazing process (MIGB) which became an optimum solution for this industrial application. MIGB was found to be the most affordable joining technique to replace arc welding of thin Zn coated plates, due to some obvious advantages, namely reduction of the Zn burn-off during brazing, lower residual stresses and geometrical distortions. Despite the lower melting temperature of the filler alloys, the effects of the electric arc heat input of the MIGB process, especially on the zinc layer integrity and on the physical-chemical and metallurgical properties of the joint, have been found possible to be deleterious. The present research was meant to respond to the needs of the controlled transfer of the molten metal through the electric are directed to high quality requests/applications, after identifying MIGB for automotive applications, to join thin (0,8+1,00 mm) Zn coated plates, with Cu based electrode wire. This paper addressees the influence of MIGB parameters on process stability, as well as the mechanical, corrosion and metallurgical properties of 0,8 mm galvanized thin sheet joints for automotive industry when using different gas mixtures. The features of an optimum MIGB procedure are still under debate, since the optimisation criteria may vary according to the needs of each specific technological application. Lower Heat Input (HI) requiring lower values for the intensity of the welding mean current and leading to the controlled short-circuit transfer mode, with the main disadvantages of less spatter, wetting and inappropriate seam shape, may define one type of approach. Good wetting properties, with good looking bead, but controlled pulsed are obtained for higher values of current and HI with more vaporised zinc, wider Heat Affected Zones (HAZ), partially destroyed zinc layer and with more unacceptable defects may describe another approach. Besides these practical targeted procedures, several fundamental aspects arouse. Due to its basic importance, but also to the practical implications, the metal transfer through the electric are is by far implications, the metal transfer through the electric arc is by far the most relevant and permanently envisaged, on the approach used to define the limits of experimental procedures characterised by lower heat inputs. Due to the actual demand of a wider use of MIGB in various manufacturing processes, the research undertaken aimed at contributing to optimise the MIGB procedures, targeting mainly the minimisation of the heat input, assuring all the quality indicators of the joint.
Impact factor JCR
Impact info
Journal number
From page
To page
  • Autor: L. QUINTINO
  • Autor: Danut Iordachescu . (UPM)
  • Autor: R.M. MIRANDA
Research Group, Departaments and Institutes related
  • Creador: Grupo de Investigación: Ingeniería y Aplicaciones del Láser
  • Centro o Instituto I+D+i: Centro Laser
  • Departamento: Física Aplicada a la Ingeniería Industrial
S2i 2020 Observatorio de investigación @ UPM con la colaboración del Consejo Social UPM
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNCIDE 2011 (OTR-2011-0236)
Cofinanciación del MINECO en el marco del Programa INNPACTO (IPT-020000-2010-22)